IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

read more

Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

read more

Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

read more

Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

read more

Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

read more

THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

read more

Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

read more

Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

read more

Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

read more

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

read more

full text of The Anglo-Russian Entente - 1907 History

Agreement Concerning Persia The Governments of Great Britain and Russia having mutually engaged to respect the integrity and independence of Persia, and sincerely desiring the preservation of order throughout that country and its peaceful develop ment, as well as the

read more

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

read more

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

read more

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Energy

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Following the success of the Blue Stream project, ''cooperation between Gazprom and ENI will be increased further'', Russian energy minister Aleksander Novak told ANSA in an exclusive interview. ''A series of documents

read more

Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

read more

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

read more

Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

read more

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier Energy

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier European countries view hydrocarbon-rich Turkmenistan as one of the main suppliers of natural gas. The remark was made by Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat Ivo Petrov during the meeting with Turkmen President

read more

Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

read more

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

read more

Iran resumes crude oil swap Energy

Iran resumes crude oil swap Head of North Oil Terminal Hamid Reza Shahdoust said on Wednesday that National Iranian Oil Company has obliged Nikoo Company to fulfill preparatory works for resuming crude oil swap in shortest possible time.

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

read more

Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Political and military events

Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Russian officials have reiterated support for Iran’s membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and have emphasized that the process for Iran’s membership in the Organization need to be expedited.   Bakhtiyer Khakimov, Russia’s presidential

read more

Barter Enables Iran-Turkmenistan Gas Trade Energy

Iran will import gas worth $30bn from Turkmenistan over the next ten years in exchange for engineering goods and services of the same value. Oil ministry representative Mohammad Taqi Amanpour said June 27 that the two countries had finalized $2.5bn of

read more

Will Iran Scare Away Big Oil Once Again? Energy

Comments from the head of the National Iranian Oil Company suggest that Iran wants the old buyback contract back, a potentially destructive move for the oil majors. Iran's hardliners object to the introduction of the new IPC as an alternative to

read more

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

read more

railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

read more

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

read more

Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op Political and military events

Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op   Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Rashid Meredov met with France’s extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Patrick Pascal, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Foreign Ministry. Pascal is completing his diplomatic mission in Turkmenistan. During the meeting, the parties expressed intention to further

read more

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

read more

Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

read more

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran Energy

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran   Cuba is looking to Russia and Iran to make up for dwindling oil supplies from close ally Venezuela. The island is keen to replenish oil supplies as it works to revive foreign tourism

read more

Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

read more

Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

Baku to host Azerbaijani-Pakistani business forum Investment

IIKSS - The Azerbaijan-Pakistan business forum will be held in Baku on December 6, the Azerbaijan Export and Investment Promotion Fund (AZPROMO) reported on November 29. The representatives of the Pakistani companies specializing in food industry, textiles, pharmaceutics,

read more

The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

read more

French author visits Azerbaijan`s Parliament cultural

IIKSS - French author Gerard Cardon, who plans to write a book about Azerbaijani women, has today met Deputy Speaker of Azerbaijan`s Parliament, chairperson of the parliamentary committee on human rights Bahar Muradova. Bahar Muradova hailed development of

read more

Iran welcomes deepening ties with EU Investment

IIKSS- President Hassan Rouhani has said Iran would stay committed to its obligations under any deal as long as others do not breach it. “The Islamic Republic of Iran will stay committed to its obligations as long as

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

read more

Political weight Political and military events

Political weight   The Political weight (وزن سیاسی) or PW index is an index that shows the geopolitical and eco-political situation of a country. A political index is a tool used to study country economic factors (especially government budget) with

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Fluctuations in variables of political weight and government weight - The share of variables of political weight and government weight of the United States of America in the structure of political wei Political and military events

Fluctuations in variables of political weight and government weight - The share of variables of political weight and government weight of the United States of America in the structure of political weight of this country International Institute

read more

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

read more

Swapping Turkmenistan Gas a Win-Win Collaboration Energy

Transferring Turkmenistan's gas to Pakistan via Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline, aka Peace Pipeline, will benefit both neighboring states, the National Iranian Gas Company's managing director said. "Concluding swap deals can help Iran consolidate its position in the international gas markets,"

read more

Summit to end Caspian legal limbo Legal Issues

A summit of the Caspian countries will discuss strengthening security amid a chaotic wider region, said a member of Russia’s State Duma Committee on International Affairs Sergey Zheleznyak. And the foreign minister of Kazakhstan, Kairat Abdrakhmanov, said the August

read more

Caspian Sea-Black Sea Transport Investment

As a result of a recent meeting, a Turkmen-Romanian working group cooperating in the field of transport, have decided that in order to progress the signing of the political declaration on the creation of the Caspian Sea-Black Sea transport and transit

read more