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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Azerbaijan’s SOCAR reviving Iran deals Energy

Azerbaijan’s state oil firm SOCAR says it is looking to revive trade with Iran as the two neighbors are strengthening relations after the lifting of sanctions on the Islamic Republic.  Azeri President Ilham Aliyev arrived in Tehran on Tuesday to

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Baku to host 6th Road and Traffic expo Investment

Road and Traffic 2016, the 6th Caspian International Road Infrastructure and Public Transport Exhibition, will be held at Baku Expo Center on May 11-13. Road&Traffic is the region’s leading trade event bringing together professionals in road and tunnel planning and construction,

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Turkmen oil refineries' complex to up LPG output Energy

By Aynur Karimova The Turkmen Ministry of Oil and Gas and Natural Resources has revealed the Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries' liquefied gas production plans for 2016. The ministry reported on March 18 that the complex will produce 340,000 tons of LPG

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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New fishing regulations for 2016 Fishing

FRANKFORT — It is no longer getting dark at dinner time. We are beginning to have days cresting the 50 degree mark. It is enough to make you want to go fishing. Before you cast a line, however, you need to

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Topaz Energy and Marine Net $ 20.8m Profit Investment

Topaz Energy and Marine, a leading offshore support vessel company, today announces its results for the year ended 31 December 2015. Business Highlights   * Net Profit for the period was US$ 20.8m before exceptional items, impairment charge

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River Sea Tows Black Sea Vessel Investment

Russian transportation firm River Sea Shipping Company has completed towage operations for two strips of a diving support vessel from the Black Sea to Baku in Azerbaijan. The strips from support vessel Khankendi were delivered via the Russian South river route, connecting Azov

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Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

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Caspian European Club reorganizes activity Investment

Trend: According to the decision of the CEIBC's senior management, the Caspian European Club (Caspian Business Club) will shift to a closed format of activities from April 11, 1st Vice-Chairman and CEO of the Caspian European Club (Caspian Business Club) Telman

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Damen delivers modular solution to Van Oord Investment

Damen delivers modular solution to Van Oord Dredging company to charter vessel from launching customer Damen Marine Services for Caspian Sea operations To support its ongoing dredging activities, Van Oord has commenced an 18-month charter agreement with Damen Marine Services for

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At home, despite the heat Ecosystem

At home, despite the heat Migratory birds including flamingoes and pelicans have stayed put at the famous Chilika Lake in Odisha despite the sweltering heat, forest officials said. “Around 50,000 birds have been spotted in the 15.59 sq-km Nalabana

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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WorleyParsons ink five-year contract with BP Azerbaijan Energy

WorleyParsons ink five-year contract with BP Azerbaijan azernews WorleyParsons has been awarded a five-year contract for Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management (EPCm) services for BP-operated assets in Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey, Azertac state news agency reported. Under the agreement, WorleyParsons will provide

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

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Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Energy

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Turkmenistan and the European Union have launched a joint project on the implementation of strategies for sustainable development in Turkmenistan to help the country in the rational use of natural resources and energy, newspaper

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Saipem inks string of E&C contracts Energy

Saipem inks string of E&C contracts Saipem has been awarded new engineering and construction contracts cumulatively valued at about €430 million. The work includes a contract with Statoil, for the lift and mating operations of offshore floating wind turbines for

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Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC Energy

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC MOSCOW (CNNMoney) —A top Russian oil executive may just have killed off any lingering talk of an agreement among producing countries to freeze output. The world's top exporters, including Russia,

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First TAP pipes arrive in Albania Energy

First TAP pipes arrive in Albania The Trans Adriatic Pipeline AG (TAP) announced the arrival of the first steel line pipes and machinery for the construction of the Albanian section of the pipeline. The occasion was marked by a ceremony in

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians Tourism

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians A tense situation between some countries hamper tourism sector in many tourist attractive counties. Director of Summer Tour travel company Aykhan Allazli claims that Azerbaijan can become a new destination for Russian tourists. He said that

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Energy

Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Azerbaijan, a key energy player in Eurasia, today is completely successful country both in terms of production and in terms of transportation of energy resources, and the country is committed to make great strides to boost

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

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How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Fishing

How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Have a hankering for caviar? A decade ago, buying the black pearls was straightforward. Whether Russian or Iranian, almost all sturgeon eggs came from the Caspian Sea, and even novices knew that beluga

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Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away Ecosystem

Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away By Kris B. Mamula / Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Only in dreams do zebra mussels have anything to do with implants for the brain — unless you’re Noah Snyder. He’s now marketing a chemical compound that can both

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

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The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience Fishing

The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience In 1991, co-founders Hossein Aimani & Amy Arrow-Aimani set out to bring the best caviar from around the world to the United States. Over the course of the last 25 years, Paramount Caviar has been guided

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Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Energy

Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Iran has signed an agreement with Kazakhstan towards building a 50-megawatt wind power plant in the west of Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea coast within 18 months, a report said. The agreement with

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Dubai-based Topaz to supply vessels for Caspian Sea Energy

Dubai-based Topaz to supply vessels for Caspian Sea Dubai-based shipper Topaz Energy and Marine has won a US$350 million contract to supply and operate vessels for Kazakhstan’s Tengizchevroil, a Chevron-led joint venture oil producer, in the Caspian Sea. Topaz, which won

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

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Traces of extinction Ecosystem

Traces of extinction Tigers used to occur across Asia as far west as Turkey. Isolated populations of tigers developed into eight different subspecies. Three generations ago, the tiger ranged from the Caucasus and Turkey through the southern Caspian region

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Focus on Caucasian pit viper Ecosystem

Focus on Caucasian pit viper   Vipers are the most efficient poisonous snakes of all. Their long fangs can inject venom deep into a victim. The venom acts mainly on the blood and muscles of the prey. Vipers usually have

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Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Singapore wins Baku port deal Investment

<header class="entry-header"> Singapore wins Baku port deal </header>   Baku International Sea Trade Port has signed an MoU with Singapore-based SMRT International and Ectivise Solutions to enhance the operational effectiveness of Azerbaijan’s new port.  The two Singapore-based companies will support the Port of Baku

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Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters Ecosystem

Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters   by Jonathan Weaver Boaters traveling along the Allegheny River or traveling to places like Pymatuming State Park in Crawford County this Summer should heed warning: there could be invasive species traveling with you. Biologist Sara Stahlman,

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SOCAR's Azneft to introduce SCADA system Energy

SOCAR’s Azneft production unit is planning to develop SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) system to create virtual form of the oil and gas fields of the country, SOCAR reported. SCADA system will allow visualization of oil and gas fields operations,

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Iran joins Asia-Pacific RoboCup committee

TEHRAN, Jul. 02 (MNA) – Iranian RoboCup Committee Chairman Morteza Musakhani has been selected as Iran’s representative in the executive committee of Asia-Pacific Robocup competitions. “Holding the 11th edition of RoboCup IranOpen competitions in Tehran, gaining valuable

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Will Iran Scare Away Big Oil Once Again? Energy

Comments from the head of the National Iranian Oil Company suggest that Iran wants the old buyback contract back, a potentially destructive move for the oil majors. Iran's hardliners object to the introduction of the new IPC as an alternative to

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IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura, which is of great importance

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IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA holds next environmental campaign   IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura,

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Saipem and Topaz secure Caspian contracts Energy

Saipem and Topaz secure Caspian contracts   Vessel owners have secured a series of contracts and charters to support offshore projects in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. A Saipem-led consortium received another contract from BP for the Shah Deniz Stage 2 project. Saipem will

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China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

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Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

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Malaysia's SapuraKencana awarded TANAP offshore construction contract Energy

Malaysia's SapuraKencana awarded TANAP offshore construction contract   Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) has awarded to Malaysia’s SapuraKencana Petroleum Berhad the contract for the construction of TANAP’s 18-km offshore section across the Canakkale Strait, APA reports. The construction of TANAP was commenced in 2015.

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Caspian Overview: BP's Caspian Gas Energy

Caspian Overview: BP's Caspian Gas   Azerbaijan produced about 9.363bn m³ of commercial gas in the first half of this year, down 8.8% year-on-year, of which BP-operated fields counted 71.6%, a top energy official told NGE. BP is the operator of the Caspian Sea’s

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Water level rises in Kura Hydrology

Water level rises in Kura   Increase of water level has been observed in Kura River in the past few days. The level of water in Giragkesemen settlement of Kura River increased by 12 cm on August 8. The water consumption holds 113m3/sec in

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

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Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job Energy

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job   Russia has announced a tender for the development of a key thermal power plant in Iran thus taking the project it was awarded last year one more step toward materialization.  Russia’s media

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Azerbaijani Navy exercises live-fire Political and military events

Azerbaijani Navy exercises live-fire   The Azerbaijani Navy have held another stage of command and staff exercise with live-firing, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry reported on August 24. The exercises are held on the instruction of Azerbaijani President, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed

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Vitol to buy Iran, Russia swap oil Energy

Vitol to buy Iran, Russia swap oil   An oil official has announced that Vitol S.A. of Switzerland is likely to purchase Russian crude to be swapped through Iran’s largest oil terminal in the Caspian Sea. Despite the

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Bumi Q2 earnings decline Energy

Bumi Q2 earnings decline   Malaysian FPSO player Bumi Armada reported 12.2% lower revenue of RM402.9 million and net loss of RM518.3 million in Q2 2016 due to lower income from its floating production storage and offloading (FPSO), and floating gas

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