IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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New fishing regulations for 2016 Fishing

FRANKFORT — It is no longer getting dark at dinner time. We are beginning to have days cresting the 50 degree mark. It is enough to make you want to go fishing. Before you cast a line, however, you need to

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more

At home, despite the heat Ecosystem

At home, despite the heat Migratory birds including flamingoes and pelicans have stayed put at the famous Chilika Lake in Odisha despite the sweltering heat, forest officials said. “Around 50,000 birds have been spotted in the 15.59 sq-km Nalabana

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Energy

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Turkmenistan and the European Union have launched a joint project on the implementation of strategies for sustainable development in Turkmenistan to help the country in the rational use of natural resources and energy, newspaper

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop In a meeting between Iran's ICT minister and Azeri counterpart in Baku, the two sides stressed cooperation in the fields of communication, satellites, post and post bank. Mahmoud Vaezi, who is

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Energy

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Natural resource rich Azerbaijan decided to purchase gas from neighboring Russia in order to maintain oil production. Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR submitted a proposal to Russian Gazprom to purchase from 3 to 5 billion

read more

Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Investment

Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Deputy agriculture minister said Iran’s agricultural and fishery products will be deployed to Russia via Tehran-Astrakhan direct flights. Iranian Deputy Minister of Agriculture Hassan Salehi announced the launch of direct

read more

Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market Investment

Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market The Dutch logistics service company Royal Wagenborg is considering the possibility of entering the Azerbaijani market, Fabio Giurato, director of the company's branch in Kazakhstan, said in an exclusive interview with Trend May 16. Giurato

read more

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op Investment

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op   Turkmenistan and China have confirmed their readiness to further enhance economic partnership in view of its enormous potential, national interests and a common vision for the future of the Asian region, the Turkmen government reported

read more

Illegal banking activity ceased in Azerbaijan Investment

Parabank’s Sumgayit branch was operating outside the branch without proper permit for the activity. A structural division under Parabank JSC’s Sumgayit branch was revealed in Azerbaijan as a result of the monitoring conducted by the country’s Financial Market Supervisory

read more

Schneider Electric holds workshop at Baku Higher Oil School

On June 28, Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS) and Schneider Electric started a three day workshop on Contemporary Standards of Process Safety for SOCAR management, engineers and technical employees. During the three separate workshop sessions, the presentations will be made

read more

Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

read more

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

read more

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation Energy

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation   Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR and Romania’s state-owned company Transgaz agreed to step up cooperation in the natural gas transportation, SOCAR said in a message July 19. The two sides signed a memorandum

read more

Heavy water marketed in EU, US science

Heavy water marketed in EU, US   Head of AEOI has said his organization has faced little difficulty in marketing heavy water produced during its nuclear activity, with EU and US being the major customers of Iran’s heavy water.

read more

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry science

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry    After conducting a thorough review, Russia reached a conclusion that it's ready to supply 100 short-haul passenger aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Iran, according to the latest reports. Russia has clarified that due

read more

Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year Agriculture

Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year   Iran expects its state-sponsored purchases of wheat from domestic farmers to surpass 10 million tonnes this year, Agriculture Minister Mahmoud Hojjati says. Harvests in the 2016/2017 crop season are on track to make

read more

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites science

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites   Components for Iranian satellites may be produced by Russia’s Roscosmos space corporation, said Russian Communications Minister Nikolai Nikiforov after meeting with Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Vaezi in Moscow. “Iran shows a great

read more

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building science

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building   ICT Minister Vaezi said Iran is currently negotiating with Russia’s State Corporation for Space Activities ‘Roscosmos’ to reach the right deal for construction and launch of a national remote-sensing satellite. Mahmoud Vaezi,

read more

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

read more

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

read more

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages Energy

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages   Azerbaijan’s state energy company SOCAR announced about plans to increase capacity of its underground gas storages. The decision was taken during a panel meeting of SOCAR’s Azneft Production Union dedicated to the results of works

read more

Sarens wins biggest contract to date Energy

Sarens wins biggest contract to date   Belgian crane and heavy lifting specialist Sarens has signed a contract for the largest project in its history with Tengizchevroil. The project includes the land transportation and installation of the Pre-Assembled Units, Pre-Assembled Racks,

read more

Azerbaijan, Russia eye to expand flights network Tourism

Azerbaijan and Russia intend to expand the network of flights, which are currently carried out in six directions between the two countries, Head of the International Cooperation Department of the Federal Agency for Tourism of Russia Valery Korovin

read more

Mazhilis Approves Law on LEU Bank in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan’s Mazhilis (lower chamber of Parliament) approved Nov. 2 the draft law “On ratification of the agreement between the Kazakh government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on establishing the low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank in

read more

Baku, Astana mull legal status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

IIKSS - Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have held consultations on the legal status of the Caspian Sea in Baku. Deputy Foreign Minister Khalaf Khalafov represented Azerbaijan, while ambassador-at-large at the Foreign Ministry Zulfiya Amanzholova attended the consultations on behalf

read more

Azerbaijan, Iran discuss cooperation Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan`s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev has met Chairman of Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran Valiollah Seif. They discussed cooperation in financial field. The sides also exchanged views on the current state of cooperation

read more

Work on TAPI pipeline begins in Pakistan Energy

IIKSS- After being in the works for the past 22 years, the multibillion-dollar Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project got under way on Friday. The pipeline will serve as an energy corridor between Central and South Asia. The inaugural

read more

Iranian, Kazakh provinces ink agricultural MoU Investment

IIKSS- Head of Gorgan Chamber of Commerce said a cooperation agreement has been inked in agriculture sector between Iran’s Golestan province and Kyzylorda Region of Kazakhstan. Ramezan Bahrami said the newly-signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) pertained to extra-territorial

read more

Tourism: Focus on Caspian region Tourism

Caspian region is one of the most promising destinations for tourism industry. According to experts, the region will be developed as a new world-class tourist destination of the 21st century. Moreover, the countries surrounding the region are ready to

read more

Summit to end Caspian legal limbo Legal Issues

A summit of the Caspian countries will discuss strengthening security amid a chaotic wider region, said a member of Russia’s State Duma Committee on International Affairs Sergey Zheleznyak. And the foreign minister of Kazakhstan, Kairat Abdrakhmanov, said the August

read more

Russia To Resume Gas Imports From Turkmenistan Energy

Russia's Gazprom next year will resume imports of natural gas from Turkmenistan that it stopped three years ago, the energy giant's chief executive has said. In an interview with Turkmenistan's state television channel during a visit to Ashgabat

read more

Azerbaijan reduces wheat imports Agriculture

In 2018, Azerbaijan imported more than 1 million tons of wheat worth $ 205.967. According to the State Customs Committee, the imports decreased by 193,528 tons or 15.2 percent in annual comparison, the cost - by $ 21,200 or

read more

Kazakhstan to expand types of goods exported Investment

Kazakhstan will expand the types of products it exports this year,, said Kazakh Vice Minister for Industry and Infrastructure Development Arystan Kabykenov at a January press conference. “Sodium cyanide will be shipped to Russia; semolina to China, Europe, Kyrgyzstan,

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Iran: Oil Survey in Caspian Sea Will Not Stall Legal Issues

K hazar Exploration and Production Company welcomes international companies in the oil industry in the Caspian region but will not wait for them, the managing director said. Speaking in a meeting in Tehran at the weekend, Ali Osuli said better results can be

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IIKSS Search

Iran: Oil Survey in Caspian Sea Will Not Stall Legal Issues

K hazar Exploration and Production Company welcomes international companies in the oil industry in the Caspian region but will not wait for them, the managing director said. Speaking in a meeting in Tehran at the weekend, Ali Osuli said better results can be

read more

Kazakhstan to expand types of goods exported Investment

Kazakhstan will expand the types of products it exports this year,, said Kazakh Vice Minister for Industry and Infrastructure Development Arystan Kabykenov at a January press conference. “Sodium cyanide will be shipped to Russia; semolina to China, Europe, Kyrgyzstan,

read more

Azerbaijan reduces wheat imports Agriculture

In 2018, Azerbaijan imported more than 1 million tons of wheat worth $ 205.967. According to the State Customs Committee, the imports decreased by 193,528 tons or 15.2 percent in annual comparison, the cost - by $ 21,200 or

read more

Russia To Resume Gas Imports From Turkmenistan Energy

Russia's Gazprom next year will resume imports of natural gas from Turkmenistan that it stopped three years ago, the energy giant's chief executive has said. In an interview with Turkmenistan's state television channel during a visit to Ashgabat

read more

Summit to end Caspian legal limbo Legal Issues

A summit of the Caspian countries will discuss strengthening security amid a chaotic wider region, said a member of Russia’s State Duma Committee on International Affairs Sergey Zheleznyak. And the foreign minister of Kazakhstan, Kairat Abdrakhmanov, said the August

read more

Tourism: Focus on Caspian region Tourism

Caspian region is one of the most promising destinations for tourism industry. According to experts, the region will be developed as a new world-class tourist destination of the 21st century. Moreover, the countries surrounding the region are ready to

read more

Iranian, Kazakh provinces ink agricultural MoU Investment

IIKSS- Head of Gorgan Chamber of Commerce said a cooperation agreement has been inked in agriculture sector between Iran’s Golestan province and Kyzylorda Region of Kazakhstan. Ramezan Bahrami said the newly-signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) pertained to extra-territorial

read more

Work on TAPI pipeline begins in Pakistan Energy

IIKSS- After being in the works for the past 22 years, the multibillion-dollar Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project got under way on Friday. The pipeline will serve as an energy corridor between Central and South Asia. The inaugural

read more

Azerbaijan, Iran discuss cooperation Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan`s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev has met Chairman of Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran Valiollah Seif. They discussed cooperation in financial field. The sides also exchanged views on the current state of cooperation

read more

Baku, Astana mull legal status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

IIKSS - Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have held consultations on the legal status of the Caspian Sea in Baku. Deputy Foreign Minister Khalaf Khalafov represented Azerbaijan, while ambassador-at-large at the Foreign Ministry Zulfiya Amanzholova attended the consultations on behalf

read more

Mazhilis Approves Law on LEU Bank in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan’s Mazhilis (lower chamber of Parliament) approved Nov. 2 the draft law “On ratification of the agreement between the Kazakh government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on establishing the low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank in

read more

Azerbaijan, Russia eye to expand flights network Tourism

Azerbaijan and Russia intend to expand the network of flights, which are currently carried out in six directions between the two countries, Head of the International Cooperation Department of the Federal Agency for Tourism of Russia Valery Korovin

read more

Sarens wins biggest contract to date Energy

Sarens wins biggest contract to date   Belgian crane and heavy lifting specialist Sarens has signed a contract for the largest project in its history with Tengizchevroil. The project includes the land transportation and installation of the Pre-Assembled Units, Pre-Assembled Racks,

read more

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages Energy

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages   Azerbaijan’s state energy company SOCAR announced about plans to increase capacity of its underground gas storages. The decision was taken during a panel meeting of SOCAR’s Azneft Production Union dedicated to the results of works

read more

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

read more

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

read more

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building science

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building   ICT Minister Vaezi said Iran is currently negotiating with Russia’s State Corporation for Space Activities ‘Roscosmos’ to reach the right deal for construction and launch of a national remote-sensing satellite. Mahmoud Vaezi,

read more

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites science

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites   Components for Iranian satellites may be produced by Russia’s Roscosmos space corporation, said Russian Communications Minister Nikolai Nikiforov after meeting with Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Vaezi in Moscow. “Iran shows a great

read more

Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year Agriculture

Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year   Iran expects its state-sponsored purchases of wheat from domestic farmers to surpass 10 million tonnes this year, Agriculture Minister Mahmoud Hojjati says. Harvests in the 2016/2017 crop season are on track to make

read more

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry science

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry    After conducting a thorough review, Russia reached a conclusion that it's ready to supply 100 short-haul passenger aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Iran, according to the latest reports. Russia has clarified that due

read more

Heavy water marketed in EU, US science

Heavy water marketed in EU, US   Head of AEOI has said his organization has faced little difficulty in marketing heavy water produced during its nuclear activity, with EU and US being the major customers of Iran’s heavy water.

read more

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation Energy

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation   Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR and Romania’s state-owned company Transgaz agreed to step up cooperation in the natural gas transportation, SOCAR said in a message July 19. The two sides signed a memorandum

read more

Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

read more

Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

read more

Schneider Electric holds workshop at Baku Higher Oil School

On June 28, Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS) and Schneider Electric started a three day workshop on Contemporary Standards of Process Safety for SOCAR management, engineers and technical employees. During the three separate workshop sessions, the presentations will be made

read more

Illegal banking activity ceased in Azerbaijan Investment

Parabank’s Sumgayit branch was operating outside the branch without proper permit for the activity. A structural division under Parabank JSC’s Sumgayit branch was revealed in Azerbaijan as a result of the monitoring conducted by the country’s Financial Market Supervisory

read more

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op Investment

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op   Turkmenistan and China have confirmed their readiness to further enhance economic partnership in view of its enormous potential, national interests and a common vision for the future of the Asian region, the Turkmen government reported

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

read more

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

read more

Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market Investment

Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market The Dutch logistics service company Royal Wagenborg is considering the possibility of entering the Azerbaijani market, Fabio Giurato, director of the company's branch in Kazakhstan, said in an exclusive interview with Trend May 16. Giurato

read more

Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Investment

Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Deputy agriculture minister said Iran’s agricultural and fishery products will be deployed to Russia via Tehran-Astrakhan direct flights. Iranian Deputy Minister of Agriculture Hassan Salehi announced the launch of direct

read more

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Energy

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Natural resource rich Azerbaijan decided to purchase gas from neighboring Russia in order to maintain oil production. Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR submitted a proposal to Russian Gazprom to purchase from 3 to 5 billion

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop In a meeting between Iran's ICT minister and Azeri counterpart in Baku, the two sides stressed cooperation in the fields of communication, satellites, post and post bank. Mahmoud Vaezi, who is

read more

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Energy

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Turkmenistan and the European Union have launched a joint project on the implementation of strategies for sustainable development in Turkmenistan to help the country in the rational use of natural resources and energy, newspaper

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

At home, despite the heat Ecosystem

At home, despite the heat Migratory birds including flamingoes and pelicans have stayed put at the famous Chilika Lake in Odisha despite the sweltering heat, forest officials said. “Around 50,000 birds have been spotted in the 15.59 sq-km Nalabana

read more

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more