IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

read more

Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

read more

The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

read more

Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

read more

Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

read more

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

read more

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC Energy

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC MOSCOW (CNNMoney) —A top Russian oil executive may just have killed off any lingering talk of an agreement among producing countries to freeze output. The world's top exporters, including Russia,

read more

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians Tourism

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians A tense situation between some countries hamper tourism sector in many tourist attractive counties. Director of Summer Tour travel company Aykhan Allazli claims that Azerbaijan can become a new destination for Russian tourists. He said that

read more

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

read more

No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

read more

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

read more

Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Energy

Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Iran has signed an agreement with Kazakhstan towards building a 50-megawatt wind power plant in the west of Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea coast within 18 months, a report said. The agreement with

read more

Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

read more

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

read more

Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

read more

Focus on Caucasian pit viper Ecosystem

Focus on Caucasian pit viper   Vipers are the most efficient poisonous snakes of all. Their long fangs can inject venom deep into a victim. The venom acts mainly on the blood and muscles of the prey. Vipers usually have

read more

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job Energy

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job   Russia has announced a tender for the development of a key thermal power plant in Iran thus taking the project it was awarded last year one more step toward materialization.  Russia’s media

read more

Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

read more

Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy Ecosystem

Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy   Two environmental patrol officers have recorded video of a female brown bear and her cub in Kordkuy. Two environmental patrol officers who were on mission in forests of Kordkuy, in Golestan

read more

Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan Rail Linkup in a Month Investment

IIKSS - The railroads of Iran and Azerbaijan will be connected in a month, according to Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud Vaezi. The two country’s rail networks will be linked via a 10-km route connecting the

read more

French author visits Azerbaijan`s Parliament cultural

IIKSS - French author Gerard Cardon, who plans to write a book about Azerbaijani women, has today met Deputy Speaker of Azerbaijan`s Parliament, chairperson of the parliamentary committee on human rights Bahar Muradova. Bahar Muradova hailed development of

read more

Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

read more

Five Countries Reach Deal on Caspian Sea Legal Issues

Iran, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have signed an agreement on the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed body of water and a region that has been the subject of dispute since the breakup of the Soviet

read more

Kazakhstan to expand types of goods exported Investment

Kazakhstan will expand the types of products it exports this year,, said Kazakh Vice Minister for Industry and Infrastructure Development Arystan Kabykenov at a January press conference. “Sodium cyanide will be shipped to Russia; semolina to China, Europe, Kyrgyzstan,

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IIKSS Search

Kazakhstan to expand types of goods exported Investment

Kazakhstan will expand the types of products it exports this year,, said Kazakh Vice Minister for Industry and Infrastructure Development Arystan Kabykenov at a January press conference. “Sodium cyanide will be shipped to Russia; semolina to China, Europe, Kyrgyzstan,

read more

Five Countries Reach Deal on Caspian Sea Legal Issues

Iran, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have signed an agreement on the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed body of water and a region that has been the subject of dispute since the breakup of the Soviet

read more

Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

read more

French author visits Azerbaijan`s Parliament cultural

IIKSS - French author Gerard Cardon, who plans to write a book about Azerbaijani women, has today met Deputy Speaker of Azerbaijan`s Parliament, chairperson of the parliamentary committee on human rights Bahar Muradova. Bahar Muradova hailed development of

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan Rail Linkup in a Month Investment

IIKSS - The railroads of Iran and Azerbaijan will be connected in a month, according to Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud Vaezi. The two country’s rail networks will be linked via a 10-km route connecting the

read more

Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy Ecosystem

Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy   Two environmental patrol officers have recorded video of a female brown bear and her cub in Kordkuy. Two environmental patrol officers who were on mission in forests of Kordkuy, in Golestan

read more

Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

read more

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job Energy

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job   Russia has announced a tender for the development of a key thermal power plant in Iran thus taking the project it was awarded last year one more step toward materialization.  Russia’s media

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

read more

Focus on Caucasian pit viper Ecosystem

Focus on Caucasian pit viper   Vipers are the most efficient poisonous snakes of all. Their long fangs can inject venom deep into a victim. The venom acts mainly on the blood and muscles of the prey. Vipers usually have

read more

Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

read more

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

read more

Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

read more

Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Energy

Iran to build 50MW wind farm in Kazakhstan Iran has signed an agreement with Kazakhstan towards building a 50-megawatt wind power plant in the west of Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea coast within 18 months, a report said. The agreement with

read more

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

read more

No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

read more

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

read more

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians Tourism

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians A tense situation between some countries hamper tourism sector in many tourist attractive counties. Director of Summer Tour travel company Aykhan Allazli claims that Azerbaijan can become a new destination for Russian tourists. He said that

read more

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC Energy

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC MOSCOW (CNNMoney) —A top Russian oil executive may just have killed off any lingering talk of an agreement among producing countries to freeze output. The world's top exporters, including Russia,

read more

The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

read more

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more

Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

read more

Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

read more

The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

read more

Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

read more

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

read more