IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

read more

Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

read more

Kashagan to expand and extend first production stage Investment

ASTANA – The Kashagan development project operator – North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC) – is planning to substantially expand and extend the first production stage – the Experimental Programme (EP). The operator company has developed an AEP project – Additional

read more

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

read more

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Energy

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Natural resource rich Azerbaijan decided to purchase gas from neighboring Russia in order to maintain oil production. Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR submitted a proposal to Russian Gazprom to purchase from 3 to 5 billion

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

read more

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

read more

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes Investment

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes   143 train cars, blocked at the Ukraine-Russia border, explain why. In the first eight months of 2016, 143 train cars laden with goods destined primarily for Kazakhstan, but also Kyrgyzstan, were stopped at the Russian-Ukrainian

read more

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

read more

Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

A confluence of old and new Tourism

A confluence of old and new   Azerbaijan may not be popular on the tourist radar, but it’s a good option if you want something unconventional Azerbaijan, called the land of fire, is filled with

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan Rail Linkup in a Month Investment

IIKSS - The railroads of Iran and Azerbaijan will be connected in a month, according to Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud Vaezi. The two country’s rail networks will be linked via a 10-km route connecting the

read more

Azerbaijan Delegation Attends Joint Business Forum Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan’s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev entered Ardebil Province in northwest Iran on Wednesday to take part in a business forum. Heading a 50-member economic delegation, the minister discussed ways of expanding transactions with Iran, particularly in

read more

Five Countries Reach Deal on Caspian Sea Legal Issues

Iran, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have signed an agreement on the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed body of water and a region that has been the subject of dispute since the breakup of the Soviet

read more

IIKSS Search

Five Countries Reach Deal on Caspian Sea Legal Issues

Iran, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have signed an agreement on the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed body of water and a region that has been the subject of dispute since the breakup of the Soviet

read more

Azerbaijan Delegation Attends Joint Business Forum Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan’s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev entered Ardebil Province in northwest Iran on Wednesday to take part in a business forum. Heading a 50-member economic delegation, the minister discussed ways of expanding transactions with Iran, particularly in

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan Rail Linkup in a Month Investment

IIKSS - The railroads of Iran and Azerbaijan will be connected in a month, according to Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud Vaezi. The two country’s rail networks will be linked via a 10-km route connecting the

read more

A confluence of old and new Tourism

A confluence of old and new   Azerbaijan may not be popular on the tourist radar, but it’s a good option if you want something unconventional Azerbaijan, called the land of fire, is filled with

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

read more

Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

read more

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes Investment

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes   143 train cars, blocked at the Ukraine-Russia border, explain why. In the first eight months of 2016, 143 train cars laden with goods destined primarily for Kazakhstan, but also Kyrgyzstan, were stopped at the Russian-Ukrainian

read more

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

read more

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

read more

India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

read more

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

read more

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Energy

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Natural resource rich Azerbaijan decided to purchase gas from neighboring Russia in order to maintain oil production. Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR submitted a proposal to Russian Gazprom to purchase from 3 to 5 billion

read more

Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

read more

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

read more

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

read more

Kashagan to expand and extend first production stage Investment

ASTANA – The Kashagan development project operator – North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC) – is planning to substantially expand and extend the first production stage – the Experimental Programme (EP). The operator company has developed an AEP project – Additional

read more

Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

read more

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

read more