IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Baku to host Caspian – Black Sea Agrarian Congress Agriculture

Baku, AZERTAC One of the most significant events of the agricultural sector, Caspian and Black Sea Agrarian Congress will take place in Baku, on April 12-13. The all-Ukrainian public organization Ukrainian Grain Association and the information-analytical agency APK-Inform are the Congress organizers. Organizational

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline still alive Energy

By Emil Ilgar – Trend: Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project, is not dead and negotiations over realization of the project continue, the Managing Director of National Iranian Gas Company Hamid Reza Iraqi told Fars News Agency. "Pakistan has agreed to build a 100km-pipeline

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Kashagan to expand and extend first production stage Investment

ASTANA – The Kashagan development project operator – North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC) – is planning to substantially expand and extend the first production stage – the Experimental Programme (EP). The operator company has developed an AEP project – Additional

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Iran to start issuing electronic visas by 2017 Tourism

Iran will start issuing electronic visas for foreign tourists by the end of 2016, Masoud Soltanifar, Iran’s vice-president said. Soltanifar, who heads Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization, added that Tehran also pursues the issue of mutual visa waiver with

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Doha oil meeting helpful, yet not ideal Energy

The upcoming Doha meeting on oil production will yield positive results on prices, yet it is far from an ideal move, said Mohammad Ali Khatibi, former Iranian representative in OPEC. The reason is that the meeting is going to focus on

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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Iran’s oil, condensate export surpasses 2 mbpd Energy

Iran’s oil export has recently surpassed two million barrels per day, the country’s oil minister, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh said. “The country now is exporting over two million barrels of gas condensates and crude oil per day,” Zanganeh said, Mehr news agency

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Another reason for an oil roll over Energy

Since writing last week about an impending drawdown in floating storage which would pressure Brent prices lower, front month Brent has fallen by -6.3% (USD -2.6/bbl). However this has had nothing to do with floating storage as the Bloomberg estimate

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

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Iran-Azerbaijan trade turnover up Investment

Iran-Azerbaijan trade turnover up by 53% Trade turnover between Iran and Azerbaijan has increased by 53 percent in the first three months of the current year, said Iran's ICT Minister Mahmoud Vaezi speaking to reporters in Baku April 21. Vaezi, who

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Fishing

How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Have a hankering for caviar? A decade ago, buying the black pearls was straightforward. Whether Russian or Iranian, almost all sturgeon eggs came from the Caspian Sea, and even novices knew that beluga

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Turkmenistan should focus on developing Caspian oil fields Energy

Turkmenistan should focus on developing Caspian oil fields   Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has emphasized the necessity of accelerating the work on developing the country's large oil and gas fields and paying special attention to the Turkmen sector of the Caspian

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Intl. rail expo, conference kick off Investment

Intl. rail expo, conference kick off   The 4th International Exhibition of Rail Transportation, Related Industries and Equipment of Iran, dubbed RAILEXPO 2016, and the first international conference titled “Rail-Ports and Rail-Oil” opened in Tehran on Sunday. Representatives

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Baku to Allow Turkmen Gas into Tanap Energy

Baku to Allow Turkmen Gas into Tanap   Azerbaijan’s energy minister Natig Aliev says Baku and Ashgabat are negotiating a deal to enable Turkmenistan to supply gas to the European Union through the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC). “There are two pragmatic ways; first

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Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo Investment

Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo   Turkmenistan is to host the 3rd edition of Iran's exclusive exhibition of oil, gas and petrochemicals, water and electricity, construction industry as well as engineering and technical services, known as “Iran Project-2016”,

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Total Seeks Better Terms for Baku’s No 2 Field Energy

Total Seeks Better Terms for Baku’s No 2 Field   Azerbaijan has extended the deadline for French major Total to submit the development plan for the first phase of the country’s second biggest gas field, Absheron, which contains 350bn m3 of gas

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Political and military events

Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Russian officials have reiterated support for Iran’s membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and have emphasized that the process for Iran’s membership in the Organization need to be expedited.   Bakhtiyer Khakimov, Russia’s presidential

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Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters Ecosystem

Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters   by Jonathan Weaver Boaters traveling along the Allegheny River or traveling to places like Pymatuming State Park in Crawford County this Summer should heed warning: there could be invasive species traveling with you. Biologist Sara Stahlman,

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Will Iran Scare Away Big Oil Once Again? Energy

Comments from the head of the National Iranian Oil Company suggest that Iran wants the old buyback contract back, a potentially destructive move for the oil majors. Iran's hardliners object to the introduction of the new IPC as an alternative to

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

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Heavy water marketed in EU, US science

Heavy water marketed in EU, US   Head of AEOI has said his organization has faced little difficulty in marketing heavy water produced during its nuclear activity, with EU and US being the major customers of Iran’s heavy water.

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Travel Vaccines for Central Asia Investment

Travel Vaccines for Central Asia   Central Asia consists of the countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan. This region is bounded by the Caspian Sea and China on either side, while Russia is its northern boundary. While it is fun

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Russia pushing North-South route to reality Investment

Russia pushing North-South route to reality   Russia says it has presented a plan to Iran which envisages establishing a unified transport company with India to operate along the emerging North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC) – an ambitious intercontinental multi-modal route

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V.Filanovsky jacket departs Astrakhan for Caspian Sea Energy

V.Filanovsky jacket departs Astrakhan for Caspian Sea   Transportation has started of a jacket for the offshore ice-resistant stationary platform #2 from Astrakhan on the Russian Caspian coast to Lukoil’s V.Filanovsky field in the Caspian Sea. The platform will

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Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

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Lankaran sees rise in tourist flow [ PHOTO] Tourism

Lankaran sees rise in tourist flow Azerbaijan’s Lankaran region, one of the oldest settlements in Azerbaijan, has recorded rise in number of foreign and local tourists coming to see the beauties of this region. Director of the Lankaran Tourism Center Ilgar

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Russian university develops unique implants science

Russian university develops unique implants   National University of Science and Technology MISIS has developed a new method to produce ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene implants intended to replace bone tissue defects in humans and animals. The new implant

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

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6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran Tourism

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran   While Iran often finds itself in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, intrepid globetrotters consistently sing the country’s praises, calling it a surprisingly welcoming destination with plenty of untouched treasures to discover. The

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Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

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Government to stimulate tourism industry Tourism

Government to stimulate tourism industry   Azerbaijan located in the junction of two world civilizations, is a miraculous country with its rich natural resources, and ancient culture, history and people, whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of the traditions

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SOCAR and Petronas signed MOU on Goshadash Energy

SOCAR and Petronas signed MOU on Goshadash   The State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR) and the Malaysian company Petronas signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the exploration, development and hydrocarbons production on the field that is part of potentially good

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Oil Rebounds on Talk of Russia-Iran-OPEC Cooperation Energy

Oil Rebounds on Talk of Russia-Iran-OPEC Cooperation Russia supports year-long deal to stabilize oil, its OPEC representative tells Interfax Oil prices rebounded from a new one-month low Tuesday after further talk of cooperation to cap output among the world’s largest oil exporters. Russia

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Kashagan oil maybe transported via Azerbaijan Energy

Kashagan oil maybe transported via Azerbaijan   Energy-rich Kazakhstan may start oil export from its large Kashagan field through Azerbaijan in 2017.  Kazakh Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev said that the country does not exclude the possibility of transporting oil through Azerbaijan,

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Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

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Mazhilis Approves Law on LEU Bank in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan’s Mazhilis (lower chamber of Parliament) approved Nov. 2 the draft law “On ratification of the agreement between the Kazakh government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on establishing the low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank in

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iran-Azerbaijan railway construction launched Investment

IIKSS- Iran has started laying rail tracks on the rail section Astara (Azerbaijan) - Astara (Iran), which is constructed in the framework of the North-South international transport corridor. Governor of Iran’s Astara Port Yunes Ranjkesh said that operations

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Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

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Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

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Russian Steelmaker Stops Deliveries to Iran Investment

MMK, one of Russia’s largest steel producers, has stopped deliveries to Iran against the backdrop of new sanctions Washington has promised to impose on Tehran. The announcement was made by Andrey Eremin, the company’s director for economics, in an

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Iran, Russia banks sign refinance agreement Investment

Export Development Bank of Iran (EDBI) and Moscow MirBusiness Bank on Sunday inked a short-term refinance agreement to promote imports of necessary goods, Irna reported. EDPB and Moscow MirBusiness Bank signed contract worth €10 million; the agreement will help

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New oil refinery to be built in Kazakhstan Energy

A new oil refinery plant will be built in Kazakhstan. A land area of ​​100 hectares in Zhanaarkinsky district of the Karaganda region has already been allocated for the construction, the press service of regional administrative office said, Kazinform

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Power Supply From Russia to Iran Should Start in 2019 Energy

The first trial-based  electricity supplies from Russia to Iran via the Russia-Azerbaijan-Iran  "North-South" energy corridor are expected to start in 2019, Russia’s Energy Ministry said in a statement following the results of the first meeting of a trilateral working group on linking

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Azerbaijan to send export mission to Poland soon Investment

The introduction of local products of Azerbaijan to international markets is boosting the non-oil sector of the economy and strengthens business ties with foreign countries. Therefore, Azerbaijan is organizing a number of export missions to promote national products under the Made

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IIKSS Search

Azerbaijan to send export mission to Poland soon Investment

The introduction of local products of Azerbaijan to international markets is boosting the non-oil sector of the economy and strengthens business ties with foreign countries. Therefore, Azerbaijan is organizing a number of export missions to promote national products under the Made

read more

Power Supply From Russia to Iran Should Start in 2019 Energy

The first trial-based  electricity supplies from Russia to Iran via the Russia-Azerbaijan-Iran  "North-South" energy corridor are expected to start in 2019, Russia’s Energy Ministry said in a statement following the results of the first meeting of a trilateral working group on linking

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New oil refinery to be built in Kazakhstan Energy

A new oil refinery plant will be built in Kazakhstan. A land area of ​​100 hectares in Zhanaarkinsky district of the Karaganda region has already been allocated for the construction, the press service of regional administrative office said, Kazinform

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