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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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Azerbaijan’s SOCAR reviving Iran deals Energy

Azerbaijan’s state oil firm SOCAR says it is looking to revive trade with Iran as the two neighbors are strengthening relations after the lifting of sanctions on the Islamic Republic.  Azeri President Ilham Aliyev arrived in Tehran on Tuesday to

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Topaz Energy and Marine Net $ 20.8m Profit Investment

Topaz Energy and Marine, a leading offshore support vessel company, today announces its results for the year ended 31 December 2015. Business Highlights   * Net Profit for the period was US$ 20.8m before exceptional items, impairment charge

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Baku to host Int'l Food Industry Expo Investment

WorldFood Azerbaijan 2016, one of the most important and significant events in the region’s food industry, will take place from May 19-21 at Baku Expo Center. Over the years, the exhibition has established itself as a leading event in

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CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

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Caspian agro expo due in Baku Investment

The largest regional forum of producers of agricultural products and food supplies - Azerbaijan International Agriculture Exhibition, Caspian Agro 2016 will take place on 19-21 May in Baku. This year the Exhibition celebrates its 10th anniversary. Over the years, the Caspian

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

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Ukraine formally joins Trans-Caspian Int’l Transport Route Investment

Ukraine formally joins Trans-Caspian Int’l Transport Route Ukrainian Railways Company Ukrzaliznytsia is drafting a proposal for joining the project of transporting containers via Trans-Caspian International Transport Route connecting Europe with China via Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. The company has been holding respective

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Energy

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Following the success of the Blue Stream project, ''cooperation between Gazprom and ENI will be increased further'', Russian energy minister Aleksander Novak told ANSA in an exclusive interview. ''A series of documents

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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Baku Higher Oil School to organize int’l conference Energy

Baku Higher Oil School to organize int’l conference On 25-28 April, 2016, BHOS and UK-based Confidence Capital company with the support of SOCAR will jointly organize international practical conference on 'Caspian Basin and Central Asia: Trade, Logistics, Oil Processing and

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NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

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Iran launches talks with 4 states over oil swap Energy

Iran launches talks with 4 states over oil swap Deputy oil minister has reported on negotiations with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia on oil swap resumption. Speaking at the conference on development of Iran-China economic trade cooperation

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Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

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The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience Fishing

The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience In 1991, co-founders Hossein Aimani & Amy Arrow-Aimani set out to bring the best caviar from around the world to the United States. Over the course of the last 25 years, Paramount Caviar has been guided

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Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Tourism

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Baku and Ankara can become sister cities soon, as the Ankara City Municipality decided to sign relevant protocols, Turkish Haberlerankara newspaper reports. The decision aims to further strengthen the relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey. Ankara, Turkey's

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Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market Investment

Dutch logistics company eyeing Azerbaijani market The Dutch logistics service company Royal Wagenborg is considering the possibility of entering the Azerbaijani market, Fabio Giurato, director of the company's branch in Kazakhstan, said in an exclusive interview with Trend May 16. Giurato

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Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Tourism

Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Global hotel companies are establishing new beachheads in Iran, betting that lifted sanctions against the Middle East nation will spark a jump in tourism and business travel after decades of economic isolation. Spanish operator Melia

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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Iran ready to join European power grid Energy

Iran ready to join European power grid   Iran’s Energy Minister Hamid Chitchian has announced the country’s readiness to join the electricity grid of Europe. Speaking at a meeting with Energy Charter Secretary General Urban Rusnák in Tehran,

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo Investment

Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo   Turkmenistan is to host the 3rd edition of Iran's exclusive exhibition of oil, gas and petrochemicals, water and electricity, construction industry as well as engineering and technical services, known as “Iran Project-2016”,

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects Investment

Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects   Azerbaijan and Iran are considering three options for financing construction of the Rasht-Astara (Iran) railway section, Head of Azerbaijan Railways CJSC Javid Gurbanov said while talking to ANS TV channel. Being a part of the North-South

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties cultural

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties   The Republic of Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to Iran Bunyad Huseynov met Iran’s Minister of Culture Ali Jannati to discuss bilateral issues of concern. There are several cultural points that the two countries share, such as the poems

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Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

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Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement Investment

Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement   Officials of Iranian and Russian central banks have reached an accord over launching broker relationships between Russia’s major banks and their Iranian counterparts. On the sidelines of the XXV International Financial

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions Investment

Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions   The 8th Iran Stone Exhibition (IRSE 2016) on natural stones, mine, machinery and equipment and the 14th Kitchen, Bath, Sauna and Pool Industries and Equipment International Exhibition of Iran kicked off at Tehran’s

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Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation Energy

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation   Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR and Romania’s state-owned company Transgaz agreed to step up cooperation in the natural gas transportation, SOCAR said in a message July 19. The two sides signed a memorandum

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Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation science

Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation   Iran and Russia have called for stronger measures to promote cooperation in the area of telecommunications and cyberspace. This was expressed in a meeting between Iran’s Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud

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Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op Political and military events

Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op   Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Rashid Meredov met with France’s extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Patrick Pascal, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Foreign Ministry. Pascal is completing his diplomatic mission in Turkmenistan. During the meeting, the parties expressed intention to further

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Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

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Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

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Russian shipyard to cooperate with Azerbaijan Investment

Russian shipyard to cooperate with Azerbaijan   Russian shipyard Red Sormovo, which is a member of a group of companies "Sea and oil & gas projects" (MNP group), intends to expand partnership with Azerbaijan. Representatives of the MNP group management took part in

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Azerbaijan, Iran increased electricity swap Energy

Azerbaijan, Iran increased electricity swap   Azerbaijan and Iran have increased the swap of electricity by 2.5 times, Hamid Chitchian, Iran’s Energy Minister told Trend. He said that a new ETL (electrical transmission line) with the capacity of 330 kilowatt and

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

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Kazak president to visit Baku Political and military events

Kazak president to visit Baku   Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev will visit Azerbaijan, Serbia, Armenia and a number of other countries in 2016. Kazakh Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov announced about this at a briefing on August 17, RIA Novosti reported. In June, Idrissov

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Turkmenistan, Germany to sign some documents Investment

Turkmenistan, Germany to sign some documents   Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov intends to pay a working visit to Germany August 29-30, the Turkmen government said Aug. 27. According to the message, several documents are planned to be signed as part of the

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Russia, Iran sign MoU on banking coop. Investment

Russia, Iran sign MoU on banking coop.   Iran and Russia on Thu. signed an MoU in the fields of banking cooperation, anti-money laundering, countering the financing of terrorism, and development of settlements in national currencies in bilateral trade.

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Iran, Russia to boost Ruble-Rial swap Investment

Iran, Russia to boost Ruble-Rial swap   Vice chairman of Iran-Russian Chamber of Commerce has called for currency swap to further develop volume of the two countries' trade exchanges. Ghadir Ghiafeh touched upon the banking cooperation agreement between

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Turkmenistan discussing Caspian Sea agreements Legal Issues

Turkmenistan discussing Caspian Sea agreements   Another meeting of the Turkmen Interdepartmental Commission on the Caspian Sea was held in Ashgabat, the Turkmen government said Sept. 6. According to the message, the draft agreements on trade and economic cooperation among the Caspian-littoral

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Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

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Iran interested in Russian tourists Tourism

Iran interested in Russian tourists   Russia plans to develop tourist relations with Iran, the Association of Tour Operators of Russia (ATOR) said. The advisor at the Iranian embassy in Russia, Hassan Saleh Majd, said that Russia and Iran currently operate 8-9

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Libraries of Iran and Russia ink MOU cultural

Libraries of Iran and Russia ink MOU   The National Library and Archives of Iran (NLAI) and the Russian State Library have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to enhance bilateral cultural cooperation. The MOU was inked on Thursday by

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Iran, Russia to build 4 thermal power plants Energy

Iran, Russia to build 4 thermal power plants   Iran and Russia authorities have emphasized implementation of the Green Corridor customs and the need to finalize the contract for construction of four thermal power plants. Iran's Ambassador to

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Putin and Berdimuhamedov meet in Moscow Investment

Today, the Russian President Vladimir Putin met with the Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in Moscow. The two leaders discussed key issues of bilateral cooperation and exchange views on important regional issues during the talks. Russian President noted that

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Baku to host Azerbaijani-Pakistani business forum Investment

IIKSS - The Azerbaijan-Pakistan business forum will be held in Baku on December 6, the Azerbaijan Export and Investment Promotion Fund (AZPROMO) reported on November 29. The representatives of the Pakistani companies specializing in food industry, textiles, pharmaceutics,

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Moscow says Russia-Azerbaijan ties remain stable Investment

IIKSS - Bilateral relations between Russia and Azerbaijan remain continue to be stable, Maria Zakharova, spokesperson for Russia’s Foreign Ministry, told a briefing on Wednesday.  “These ties were established by our heads of state, backed by relevant documents,

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The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

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Baku, Astana mull legal status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

IIKSS - Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have held consultations on the legal status of the Caspian Sea in Baku. Deputy Foreign Minister Khalaf Khalafov represented Azerbaijan, while ambassador-at-large at the Foreign Ministry Zulfiya Amanzholova attended the consultations on behalf

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Tehran, Baku Boost Transport, Trade Ties Investment

IIKSS - Iran and Azerbaijan are boosting trade and transportation ties, following the new agreements reached during a joint intergovernmental commission held in Baku and Nakhchivan last week. The two sides agreed to reduce transit fees to $100

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French author visits Azerbaijan`s Parliament cultural

IIKSS - French author Gerard Cardon, who plans to write a book about Azerbaijani women, has today met Deputy Speaker of Azerbaijan`s Parliament, chairperson of the parliamentary committee on human rights Bahar Muradova. Bahar Muradova hailed development of

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Iran welcomes deepening ties with EU Investment

IIKSS- President Hassan Rouhani has said Iran would stay committed to its obligations under any deal as long as others do not breach it. “The Islamic Republic of Iran will stay committed to its obligations as long as

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Afghanistan, Turkmenistan Discuss TAPI Project Energy

IIKSS-  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his Turkmenian counterpart, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov have discussed on the phone implementation of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project. Both the leaders on Thursday also discussed further development of bilateral relations and regional

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Turkmenistan seeks expanded trade ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stressed the importance of developing the trade and economic relations with Iran for the strengthening of mutually beneficial partnership. Berdimuhamedov said about this in his message to participants of the specialized exhibition of Iran, which

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Kazakhstan to develop banking ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- The Vice-Governor of Iran’s Central Bank for Foreign Exchange Affairs, Gholamali Kamyab, met with Kassymbek, the Kazakh Minister of Investment and Development on Thursday in Astana. Gholamali Kamyab, the Vice-Governor of Iran’s Central Bank for Foreign Exchange

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Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan long-term partners: ambassador Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are partners and the two countries’ economic systems complement each other, Rashad Mammadov, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan, said in an interview with Trend. "Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan didn’t become rivals despite

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