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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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Doha oil meeting helpful, yet not ideal Energy

The upcoming Doha meeting on oil production will yield positive results on prices, yet it is far from an ideal move, said Mohammad Ali Khatibi, former Iranian representative in OPEC. The reason is that the meeting is going to focus on

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Energy

SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Trend: The Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project will save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia, said Stephen Blank, senior fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council. He made the remarks addressing an event

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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Russia Renewable Energy Report Energy

Russia Renewable Energy Report Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy accounts for less than 1% of power generation capacity. These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar and

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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Renewable Energy Report For Russia Energy

Renewable Energy Report For Russia Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy account for less than 1% of power generation capacity. Moscow-shutterstock_400971697-1-600x381These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar

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EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier Energy

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier European countries view hydrocarbon-rich Turkmenistan as one of the main suppliers of natural gas. The remark was made by Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat Ivo Petrov during the meeting with Turkmen President

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Intl. rail expo, conference kick off Investment

Intl. rail expo, conference kick off   The 4th International Exhibition of Rail Transportation, Related Industries and Equipment of Iran, dubbed RAILEXPO 2016, and the first international conference titled “Rail-Ports and Rail-Oil” opened in Tehran on Sunday. Representatives

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op Political and military events

Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op   Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Rashid Meredov met with France’s extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Patrick Pascal, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Foreign Ministry. Pascal is completing his diplomatic mission in Turkmenistan. During the meeting, the parties expressed intention to further

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Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

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Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

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Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

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Afghanistan, Turkmenistan Discuss TAPI Project Energy

IIKSS-  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his Turkmenian counterpart, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov have discussed on the phone implementation of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project. Both the leaders on Thursday also discussed further development of bilateral relations and regional

read more

Turkmenistan to further consider joining WTO Investment

IIKSS- Turkmenistan will further consider the prospects of joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), the ‘Neutral Turkmenistan’ newspaper quoted President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov as saying Feb. 21. President Berdimuhamedov made the remarks at a meeting of the Cabinet of

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Russian Steelmaker Stops Deliveries to Iran Investment

MMK, one of Russia’s largest steel producers, has stopped deliveries to Iran against the backdrop of new sanctions Washington has promised to impose on Tehran. The announcement was made by Andrey Eremin, the company’s director for economics, in an

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Azerbaijan, EU discuss co-op issues Political and military events

Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov met with Johannes Hahn, European Union Commissioner for Enlargement and Neighborhood Policy, during the Munich Security Conference on Friday, Trend reports referring to the Foreign Ministry of Azerbaijan. The meeting was also attended by

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IIKSS Search

Azerbaijan, EU discuss co-op issues Political and military events

Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov met with Johannes Hahn, European Union Commissioner for Enlargement and Neighborhood Policy, during the Munich Security Conference on Friday, Trend reports referring to the Foreign Ministry of Azerbaijan. The meeting was also attended by

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Russian Steelmaker Stops Deliveries to Iran Investment

MMK, one of Russia’s largest steel producers, has stopped deliveries to Iran against the backdrop of new sanctions Washington has promised to impose on Tehran. The announcement was made by Andrey Eremin, the company’s director for economics, in an

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Turkmenistan to further consider joining WTO Investment

IIKSS- Turkmenistan will further consider the prospects of joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), the ‘Neutral Turkmenistan’ newspaper quoted President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov as saying Feb. 21. President Berdimuhamedov made the remarks at a meeting of the Cabinet of

read more

Afghanistan, Turkmenistan Discuss TAPI Project Energy

IIKSS-  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his Turkmenian counterpart, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov have discussed on the phone implementation of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project. Both the leaders on Thursday also discussed further development of bilateral relations and regional

read more

The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

read more

Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

read more

Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

read more

Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more