IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

read more

Iran capable of turning into tourism hub Tourism

By Farhad Daneshvar – Trend: Iran is capable of turning into a regional tourism hub in the near future, a Spanish envoy to Tehran believes. “Iran will turn into a regional tourism and economic destination,” IRNA news agency

read more

Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

read more

KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

read more

Turkmenistan to increase production of high-octane gasoline Energy

By Huseyn Hasanov– Trend: With commissioning alkylation units and isomerization at Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries (TCOR), it will be possible to produce additional 480,000 tons of high-octane gasoline (А-92, А-95 and А-98) per year, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Oil

read more

Turkmen oil refineries' complex to up LPG output Energy

By Aynur Karimova The Turkmen Ministry of Oil and Gas and Natural Resources has revealed the Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries' liquefied gas production plans for 2016. The ministry reported on March 18 that the complex will produce 340,000 tons of LPG

read more

Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

read more

Turkmenistan starts welding TAPI pipeline’s linear part Energy

Trend: Turkmennebitgazgurlushyk (“Turkmenneftegazstroy”) state concern has begun welding the pipes of the linear part of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline’s Turkmen section. More than 100 units of special equipment are being used within current work, a message released by Turkmen Oil and Gas

read more

WB to discuss Absheron lakes clean up Environment

Trend: The World Bank’s (WB) Board of Directors will discuss the “Absheron Lakes Cleanup and Rehabilitation” project on July 18, 2017, said the WB. The estimated cost of the project is $100 million, $85 million of which are

read more

Turkmenistan eyes developing fuel and energy complex Energy

Energy-rich Turkmenistan will continue to realize programs and projects envisaging further development, modernization and diversification of the national fuel and energy complex. Such an instruction was given by President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov at the recent meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, the

read more

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

read more

Tehran and its 2,000 tourist spots Tourism

Tehran and its 2,000 tourist spots Deputy of Tehran Municipality says the Iranian capital has over 2,000 tourist attractions that will take 35 days time to visit all of them. Tehran was first chosen as the capital

read more

Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Energy

Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Trend: Turkmenistan can become a mighty industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the 'Neutral Turkmenistan' newspaper reported. The implementation of the project for constructing a gas chemical complex in Kiyanly village of

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

read more

Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Energy

Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Turkmenistan can become a powerful industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported. The construction of a gas chemical complex on the Caspian Sea shore, exactly in

read more

Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

read more

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Tourism

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Baku and Ankara can become sister cities soon, as the Ankara City Municipality decided to sign relevant protocols, Turkish Haberlerankara newspaper reports. The decision aims to further strengthen the relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey. Ankara, Turkey's

read more

Int’l gas congress opens in Turkmenistan Energy

Int’l gas congress opens in Turkmenistan   Opening of the 7th international Turkmenistan Gas Congress 2016 (TGC 2016) has been held at the congress center of Turkmenistan's Avaza. The organizers of the event are Turkmengaz state concern and the British Summit Trade

read more

Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Energy

Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Kazakhstan plans to construct an oil terminal in its Kuryk port in the future, the Kazakh National Transport and Logistics Center told Trend May 23. However, no timeframe of the terminal's construction was revealed. Transshipment

read more

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan Investment

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan   ARETI International Group of companies is interested in joining projects implemented in different spheres of Turkmenistan’s economy. During his meeting with President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Chairman of the ARETI International Group of Companies Igor

read more

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

read more

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

read more

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field Energy

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field   Oil output at Kazakhstan's Kashagan field is expected to start in October 2016. Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov gave the relevant instruction to Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev and KazMunaiGas national company during the

read more

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

read more

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

read more

Fire hits Iran’s petrochemical complex Energy

The incident took place at the Bou-Ali-Sina Petrochemical plant. No causality has been reported officially, but some Iranian media outlets, including Mehr news agency, cited to local source that two people were killed. The financial loses are reportedly huge. Bou Ali Sina

read more

Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

read more

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

read more

Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

read more

Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov cultural

Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov    Iranian theater troupe directed Parchin by Hamid Amjad paid tribute to Russian author and playwright Anton Chekhov (1860–1904) before their performance of “Three Sisters and Others” at Tehran’s City Theater

read more

TAP: plus 700 line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port Energy

TAP: 700+ line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port   700+ line pipes to be used for the construction of TAP`s section in Greece have reached the port of Alexandroupoli, Azertac reported, The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) will transport Caspian natural gas to Europe. Connecting

read more

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

read more

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran Tourism

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran   While Iran often finds itself in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, intrepid globetrotters consistently sing the country’s praises, calling it a surprisingly welcoming destination with plenty of untouched treasures to discover. The

read more

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract Energy

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract   Iran’s Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO) and France’s Total S.A. Company have agreed on sealing an oil swap deal. Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO), a Swiss-based subsidiary of the National

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeons Fishing

IIKSS - Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeon which will contribute to the conservation of the unique biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, the newspaper “Neutral Turkmenistan” reported. An important role in this will play a fish-breeding complex, built in the

read more

New gas reserves found in Turkmenistan Energy

IIKSS - Turkmen Geology State Corporation has discovered new rich gas deposits in the exploitation well at the Chelekbay site located in the north-western part of the giant Galkynysh field, the Oil and Gas Complex of Turkmenistan said

read more

Turkmenistan spends over $5B on construction in 2016 Investment

IIKSS - Turkmenistan commissioned 202 facilities with a total worth of over $5 billion in 2016, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported. They include the Ashgabat International Airport, the first phase of the Asian International Railway Corridor (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan), a

read more

Turkmenistan builds hugel complex Energy

IIKSS - Ninety percent of the work has been completed at the polyethylene and polypropylene production complex, which is being built in Turkmenistan’s Balkan region, the Neutral Turkmen newspaper reported. A reservoir park for water, hydrocarbon storage tanks,

read more

Turkmenistan seeks expanded trade ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stressed the importance of developing the trade and economic relations with Iran for the strengthening of mutually beneficial partnership. Berdimuhamedov said about this in his message to participants of the specialized exhibition of Iran, which

read more

Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

read more

Political weight Political and military events

Political weight   The Political weight (وزن سیاسی) or PW index is an index that shows the geopolitical and eco-political situation of a country. A political index is a tool used to study country economic factors (especially government budget) with

read more

Russian Steelmaker Stops Deliveries to Iran Investment

MMK, one of Russia’s largest steel producers, has stopped deliveries to Iran against the backdrop of new sanctions Washington has promised to impose on Tehran. The announcement was made by Andrey Eremin, the company’s director for economics, in an

read more

Russia, Kazakhstan may create SEZ at Baikonur Investment

The chairman of the board of the Kazakh national company, Kazakh Invest, Saparbek Tuyakbaev, held a meeting with Russian Ambassador to Kazakhstan Alexei Borodavkin and Russian trade representative in Kazakhstan Alexander Yakovlev in Astana, Central Asian media outlets reported

read more

Georgian Churches in Azerbaijan Tourism

Saingilo, now a region in Azerbaijan, was once a province of the Kakheti Kingdom of Georgia.  The province officially became part of Azerbaijan in 1922 under the ruling of the communist government of Moscow.  To this day, Saingilo is

read more

New oil refinery to be built in Kazakhstan Energy

A new oil refinery plant will be built in Kazakhstan. A land area of ​​100 hectares in Zhanaarkinsky district of the Karaganda region has already been allocated for the construction, the press service of regional administrative office said, Kazinform

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IIKSS Search

New oil refinery to be built in Kazakhstan Energy

A new oil refinery plant will be built in Kazakhstan. A land area of ​​100 hectares in Zhanaarkinsky district of the Karaganda region has already been allocated for the construction, the press service of regional administrative office said, Kazinform

read more

Georgian Churches in Azerbaijan Tourism

Saingilo, now a region in Azerbaijan, was once a province of the Kakheti Kingdom of Georgia.  The province officially became part of Azerbaijan in 1922 under the ruling of the communist government of Moscow.  To this day, Saingilo is

read more

Russia, Kazakhstan may create SEZ at Baikonur Investment

The chairman of the board of the Kazakh national company, Kazakh Invest, Saparbek Tuyakbaev, held a meeting with Russian Ambassador to Kazakhstan Alexei Borodavkin and Russian trade representative in Kazakhstan Alexander Yakovlev in Astana, Central Asian media outlets reported

read more

Russian Steelmaker Stops Deliveries to Iran Investment

MMK, one of Russia’s largest steel producers, has stopped deliveries to Iran against the backdrop of new sanctions Washington has promised to impose on Tehran. The announcement was made by Andrey Eremin, the company’s director for economics, in an

read more

Political weight Political and military events

Political weight   The Political weight (وزن سیاسی) or PW index is an index that shows the geopolitical and eco-political situation of a country. A political index is a tool used to study country economic factors (especially government budget) with

read more

Transcasipan cargo logistics Investment

IIKSS- Over the recent years, the Caspian Sea Basin of Russia has been showing a downward cargo transshipment trend while the throughput of other basins is permanently growing. The weakness of transcaspian logistics is in its customs administration,

read more

Turkmenistan seeks expanded trade ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stressed the importance of developing the trade and economic relations with Iran for the strengthening of mutually beneficial partnership. Berdimuhamedov said about this in his message to participants of the specialized exhibition of Iran, which

read more

Turkmenistan builds hugel complex Energy

IIKSS - Ninety percent of the work has been completed at the polyethylene and polypropylene production complex, which is being built in Turkmenistan’s Balkan region, the Neutral Turkmen newspaper reported. A reservoir park for water, hydrocarbon storage tanks,

read more

Turkmenistan spends over $5B on construction in 2016 Investment

IIKSS - Turkmenistan commissioned 202 facilities with a total worth of over $5 billion in 2016, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported. They include the Ashgabat International Airport, the first phase of the Asian International Railway Corridor (Turkmenistan-Afghanistan), a

read more

New gas reserves found in Turkmenistan Energy

IIKSS - Turkmen Geology State Corporation has discovered new rich gas deposits in the exploitation well at the Chelekbay site located in the north-western part of the giant Galkynysh field, the Oil and Gas Complex of Turkmenistan said

read more

Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeons Fishing

IIKSS - Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeon which will contribute to the conservation of the unique biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, the newspaper “Neutral Turkmenistan” reported. An important role in this will play a fish-breeding complex, built in the

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract Energy

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract   Iran’s Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO) and France’s Total S.A. Company have agreed on sealing an oil swap deal. Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO), a Swiss-based subsidiary of the National

read more

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran Tourism

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran   While Iran often finds itself in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, intrepid globetrotters consistently sing the country’s praises, calling it a surprisingly welcoming destination with plenty of untouched treasures to discover. The

read more

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

read more

TAP: plus 700 line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port Energy

TAP: 700+ line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port   700+ line pipes to be used for the construction of TAP`s section in Greece have reached the port of Alexandroupoli, Azertac reported, The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) will transport Caspian natural gas to Europe. Connecting

read more

Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov cultural

Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov    Iranian theater troupe directed Parchin by Hamid Amjad paid tribute to Russian author and playwright Anton Chekhov (1860–1904) before their performance of “Three Sisters and Others” at Tehran’s City Theater

read more

Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

read more

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

read more

Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

read more

Fire hits Iran’s petrochemical complex Energy

The incident took place at the Bou-Ali-Sina Petrochemical plant. No causality has been reported officially, but some Iranian media outlets, including Mehr news agency, cited to local source that two people were killed. The financial loses are reportedly huge. Bou Ali Sina

read more

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

read more

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

read more

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field Energy

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field   Oil output at Kazakhstan's Kashagan field is expected to start in October 2016. Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov gave the relevant instruction to Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev and KazMunaiGas national company during the

read more

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

read more

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

read more

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan Investment

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan   ARETI International Group of companies is interested in joining projects implemented in different spheres of Turkmenistan’s economy. During his meeting with President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Chairman of the ARETI International Group of Companies Igor

read more

Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Energy

Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Kazakhstan plans to construct an oil terminal in its Kuryk port in the future, the Kazakh National Transport and Logistics Center told Trend May 23. However, no timeframe of the terminal's construction was revealed. Transshipment

read more

Int’l gas congress opens in Turkmenistan Energy

Int’l gas congress opens in Turkmenistan   Opening of the 7th international Turkmenistan Gas Congress 2016 (TGC 2016) has been held at the congress center of Turkmenistan's Avaza. The organizers of the event are Turkmengaz state concern and the British Summit Trade

read more

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Tourism

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Baku and Ankara can become sister cities soon, as the Ankara City Municipality decided to sign relevant protocols, Turkish Haberlerankara newspaper reports. The decision aims to further strengthen the relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey. Ankara, Turkey's

read more

Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

read more

Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Energy

Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Turkmenistan can become a powerful industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported. The construction of a gas chemical complex on the Caspian Sea shore, exactly in

read more

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

read more

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

read more

Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Energy

Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Trend: Turkmenistan can become a mighty industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the 'Neutral Turkmenistan' newspaper reported. The implementation of the project for constructing a gas chemical complex in Kiyanly village of

read more

Tehran and its 2,000 tourist spots Tourism

Tehran and its 2,000 tourist spots Deputy of Tehran Municipality says the Iranian capital has over 2,000 tourist attractions that will take 35 days time to visit all of them. Tehran was first chosen as the capital

read more

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

read more

Turkmenistan eyes developing fuel and energy complex Energy

Energy-rich Turkmenistan will continue to realize programs and projects envisaging further development, modernization and diversification of the national fuel and energy complex. Such an instruction was given by President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov at the recent meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, the

read more

WB to discuss Absheron lakes clean up Environment

Trend: The World Bank’s (WB) Board of Directors will discuss the “Absheron Lakes Cleanup and Rehabilitation” project on July 18, 2017, said the WB. The estimated cost of the project is $100 million, $85 million of which are

read more

Turkmenistan starts welding TAPI pipeline’s linear part Energy

Trend: Turkmennebitgazgurlushyk (“Turkmenneftegazstroy”) state concern has begun welding the pipes of the linear part of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline’s Turkmen section. More than 100 units of special equipment are being used within current work, a message released by Turkmen Oil and Gas

read more

Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

read more

Turkmen oil refineries' complex to up LPG output Energy

By Aynur Karimova The Turkmen Ministry of Oil and Gas and Natural Resources has revealed the Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries' liquefied gas production plans for 2016. The ministry reported on March 18 that the complex will produce 340,000 tons of LPG

read more

Turkmenistan to increase production of high-octane gasoline Energy

By Huseyn Hasanov– Trend: With commissioning alkylation units and isomerization at Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries (TCOR), it will be possible to produce additional 480,000 tons of high-octane gasoline (А-92, А-95 and А-98) per year, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Oil

read more

KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

read more

Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

read more

Iran capable of turning into tourism hub Tourism

By Farhad Daneshvar – Trend: Iran is capable of turning into a regional tourism hub in the near future, a Spanish envoy to Tehran believes. “Iran will turn into a regional tourism and economic destination,” IRNA news agency

read more

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

read more