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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Huge jump in Russian black caviar exports Fishing

The export of Russian black caviar has tripled in the first eleven months of last year compared with the same period of 2014, the Russian Ministry of Agriculture reported on Friday. Read more about 50 tons of black caviar, and exported 4.71

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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Georgian FM: No need to buy more gas from Gazprom Energy

Trend: The Georgian government aims at ensuring stable and uninterrupted gas supply, Mikheil Janelidze, Georgian foreign minister, said. Janelidze made this statement following the negotiations and the agreement with SOCAR (State Oil Company of Azerbaijan). The gas supply was problematic after the recent

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Iran, Russia eye oil & gas swap Energy

By Khalid Kazimov – Trend: Iran and Russia are capable of swapping oil and gas, says Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh. At a meeting with Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak in Tehran, Zanganeh said that expansion of cooperation with Russia is

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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Zoology Institute announces about new discoveries Ecosystem

Director of the Zoology Institute of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS) Ilham Alekperov spoke about new discoveries and breakthroughs in this field while talking to Day.Az. “Activity of the Zoology Institute covers all issues related to the fauna of

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Lukoil expands operations in Caspian Sea Energy

Lukoil plans to increase oil production in the Caspian Sea by 7 million tons a year after commissioning the Vladimir Filansky field. Lukoil has already approved all its plans for the Caspian Sea. With the introduction of the full capacity in

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River Sea Tows Black Sea Vessel Investment

Russian transportation firm River Sea Shipping Company has completed towage operations for two strips of a diving support vessel from the Black Sea to Baku in Azerbaijan. The strips from support vessel Khankendi were delivered via the Russian South river route, connecting Azov

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Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

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CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of The Anglo-Russian Entente - 1907 History

Agreement Concerning Persia The Governments of Great Britain and Russia having mutually engaged to respect the integrity and independence of Persia, and sincerely desiring the preservation of order throughout that country and its peaceful develop ment, as well as the

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

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Azerbaijan, Iran to build border railway bridge Investment

Trend: Azerbaijan, Iran and Russia attach great importance to the transport corridors passing through these countries, and in particular the railway networks, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said. He made the remarks at a press conference following the trilateral meeting of the

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Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

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Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Energy

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Following the success of the Blue Stream project, ''cooperation between Gazprom and ENI will be increased further'', Russian energy minister Aleksander Novak told ANSA in an exclusive interview. ''A series of documents

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC Energy

Russian oil CEO: We won't do deals with OPEC MOSCOW (CNNMoney) —A top Russian oil executive may just have killed off any lingering talk of an agreement among producing countries to freeze output. The world's top exporters, including Russia,

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Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians Tourism

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians A tense situation between some countries hamper tourism sector in many tourist attractive counties. Director of Summer Tour travel company Aykhan Allazli claims that Azerbaijan can become a new destination for Russian tourists. He said that

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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FSU crude exports hit record high Investment

FSU crude exports hit record high Crude exports from former Soviet Union (FSU) countries rose by 1pc in March to a record high of 7mn b/d. Rising Russian crude exports outside the Transneft pipeline system helped offset a dip Azeri BTC

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Russia Renewable Energy Report Energy

Russia Renewable Energy Report Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy accounts for less than 1% of power generation capacity. These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar and

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Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Hydrology

Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Deputy energy minister has said exploration of deep waters in Iran will be carried out in partnership with Russia. Iranian Deputy Minister of Energy Sattar Mahmoudi made the remarks noting “on the basis of studies

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Fishing

How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Have a hankering for caviar? A decade ago, buying the black pearls was straightforward. Whether Russian or Iranian, almost all sturgeon eggs came from the Caspian Sea, and even novices knew that beluga

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Renewable Energy Report For Russia Energy

Renewable Energy Report For Russia Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy account for less than 1% of power generation capacity. Moscow-shutterstock_400971697-1-600x381These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Gazprom executives to visit Tehran Energy

Gazprom executives to visit Tehran A 30-strong delegation of Russia’s Gazprom Company, the world’s largest gas exporter, will soon travel to Tehran to launch fresh round of talks with Iran. Headed by Deputy Chairman of Gazprom's Board

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Tatarstan interested in trade with Iran Investment

Tatarstan interested in trade with Iran A Chamber of Commerce official of Tatarstan, a republic of Russian Federation has voiced the republic’s interest in trade with Iran. This official is the first deputy-head of the Chamber of

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SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Energy

SOCAR to purchase gas from Russia Natural resource rich Azerbaijan decided to purchase gas from neighboring Russia in order to maintain oil production. Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR submitted a proposal to Russian Gazprom to purchase from 3 to 5 billion

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EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier Energy

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier European countries view hydrocarbon-rich Turkmenistan as one of the main suppliers of natural gas. The remark was made by Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat Ivo Petrov during the meeting with Turkmen President

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Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Investment

Iran to export agricultural products to Russia Deputy agriculture minister said Iran’s agricultural and fishery products will be deployed to Russia via Tehran-Astrakhan direct flights. Iranian Deputy Minister of Agriculture Hassan Salehi announced the launch of direct

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Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Tourism

Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Global hotel companies are establishing new beachheads in Iran, betting that lifted sanctions against the Middle East nation will spark a jump in tourism and business travel after decades of economic isolation. Spanish operator Melia

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Caspian Sea Yard to Build Persian Gulf Jack Ups Investment

Caspian Sea Yard to Build Persian Gulf Jack Ups   The Red Barricades shipyard in Astrakhan, Russia, has finalized a contract for the construction of five $200 million jack up rigs for Iranian firm SADID Industrial Group.  SADID and Red Barricades said that

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INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Investment

INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Iran, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Greece introduced their achievements in a meeting on IT and ICT technology exchange held on the sidelines of 2016 INOTEX Exhibition.   Speaking on the sidelines of

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The fascinating land of Dagestan History

The fascinating land of Dagestan   The Republic of Dagestan set on the Caspian Sea between the staggering Greater Caucasus mountains is a wonderland of ethnic and cultural diversity. Dagestan surrounded by the Caucasus mountains on one

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Iran ready to join European power grid Energy

Iran ready to join European power grid   Iran’s Energy Minister Hamid Chitchian has announced the country’s readiness to join the electricity grid of Europe. Speaking at a meeting with Energy Charter Secretary General Urban Rusnák in Tehran,

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Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation Investment

Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation   INIC head Saeid Sarkar said Sun. Iran and Russia reached agreement on 16 cases for nano cooperation in the 3rd Iran-Russia High Commission on Nanotechnology Cooperation held in Moscow earlier this

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Port Of Call Investment

Port Of Call The Chabahar port in Iran will help India get direct access to Central Asian markets. For India Inc, it is a huge business opportunity. On September 1, 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on his maiden visit

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Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

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Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Investment

Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Deputy-minister of industry, mines and trade has said beginning from early June, flights has been operated directly between Tehran and Russian Caspian port city of Astrakhan. Valiollah Afkhamizadeh told reporters on Saturday

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Political and military events

Russia supports Iran’s SCO membership Russian officials have reiterated support for Iran’s membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and have emphasized that the process for Iran’s membership in the Organization need to be expedited.   Bakhtiyer Khakimov, Russia’s presidential

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Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement Investment

Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement   Officials of Iranian and Russian central banks have reached an accord over launching broker relationships between Russia’s major banks and their Iranian counterparts. On the sidelines of the XXV International Financial

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Saipem and Topaz secure Caspian contracts Energy

Saipem and Topaz secure Caspian contracts   Vessel owners have secured a series of contracts and charters to support offshore projects in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. A Saipem-led consortium received another contract from BP for the Shah Deniz Stage 2 project. Saipem will

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China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

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Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

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A tale of continuity cultural

A tale of continuity   In Azerbaijan, you can see a confluence of the old and the new One can say that this country has a foot each in two worlds — One in the modern world with industrial aspirations

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia science

Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia   The Zhibek Zholy, a dry cargo vessel with a capacity of 7,500 dead weight tonnage (DWT), was launched July 12 in Shlisselburg, Russia, reported the Kazakhstan Temir Zholy

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Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

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Heavy water marketed in EU, US science

Heavy water marketed in EU, US   Head of AEOI has said his organization has faced little difficulty in marketing heavy water produced during its nuclear activity, with EU and US being the major customers of Iran’s heavy water.

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Iran after creating large-scale exporting firms Investment

Iran after creating large-scale exporting firms   Iran’s deputy industry minister has announced that the country is seeking to establish major exporting companies. Deputy Minister of Industry, Mine and Trade Valiollah Afkhami Rad said there exists no doubt that

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Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry science

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry    After conducting a thorough review, Russia reached a conclusion that it's ready to supply 100 short-haul passenger aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Iran, according to the latest reports. Russia has clarified that due

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Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation science

Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation   Iran and Russia have called for stronger measures to promote cooperation in the area of telecommunications and cyberspace. This was expressed in a meeting between Iran’s Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud

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Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov cultural

Iranian theater troupe pays tribute to Anton Chekhov    Iranian theater troupe directed Parchin by Hamid Amjad paid tribute to Russian author and playwright Anton Chekhov (1860–1904) before their performance of “Three Sisters and Others” at Tehran’s City Theater

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Russian industrial giant seals deal with Iran Investment

Russian industrial giant seals deal with Iran   Russia’s Technopromexport has become the country’s first enterprise to win a major industrial deal from Iran after the removal of the sanctions against the country.  Technopromexport, part of Russia's

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Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites science

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites   Components for Iranian satellites may be produced by Russia’s Roscosmos space corporation, said Russian Communications Minister Nikolai Nikiforov after meeting with Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Vaezi in Moscow. “Iran shows a great

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Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream Energy

Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream   Gazprom, Russia's state controlled gas giant, is interested in developing gas projects in Iran According to Russian business daily Vedomosti, Russia's energy minister Alexander Novak said that the

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Russian researchers discover new type of waves science

Russian researchers discover new type of waves   A team of Russian researchers by using quantum approaches discovered new coherent regimes for electromagnetic pulses in superconducting metamaterials that can lead to potentially powerful quantum computing. A team of

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Russian, Iranian nuclear officials hold talks science

Russian, Iranian nuclear officials hold talks    Nikolai Spassky, Rosatom’s deputy head, and Iranian nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi on Wednesday discussed ways to accelerate implementation of joint nuclear projects in Iran, including construction of new nuclear power plants

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Russians to build 1.4 GW coal plant in Iran Energy

Russians to build 1.4 GW coal plant in Iran Tekhnopromexport, part of Russia's state industrial conglomerate Rostec, has become the first Russian company to win a large, firm contract with Iran after the end of Western sanctions

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Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes Investment

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes   143 train cars, blocked at the Ukraine-Russia border, explain why. In the first eight months of 2016, 143 train cars laden with goods destined primarily for Kazakhstan, but also Kyrgyzstan, were stopped at the Russian-Ukrainian

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Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building science

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building   ICT Minister Vaezi said Iran is currently negotiating with Russia’s State Corporation for Space Activities ‘Roscosmos’ to reach the right deal for construction and launch of a national remote-sensing satellite. Mahmoud Vaezi,

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V.Filanovsky jacket departs Astrakhan for Caspian Sea Energy

V.Filanovsky jacket departs Astrakhan for Caspian Sea   Transportation has started of a jacket for the offshore ice-resistant stationary platform #2 from Astrakhan on the Russian Caspian coast to Lukoil’s V.Filanovsky field in the Caspian Sea. The platform will

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