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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Extracting anti-cancer drugs from sea cucumbers Ecosystem

TEHRAN, Jan. 05 (MNA) – Head of Aquatics’ Knowledge, Industry and Market Coordination Association said the project of extracting anti liver cancer medicines from sea cucumbers is currently underway at Shahid Beheshti University. Abasali Matlabi maintained that

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Baku to host 6th Road and Traffic expo Investment

Road and Traffic 2016, the 6th Caspian International Road Infrastructure and Public Transport Exhibition, will be held at Baku Expo Center on May 11-13. Road&Traffic is the region’s leading trade event bringing together professionals in road and tunnel planning and construction,

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SOCAR inks deal with Canada’s Zenith Energy Energy

By Azad Hasanli - Trend: Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR and Zenith Aran Oil Company, a subsidiary of Canada’s Zenith Energy, signed March 16 an agreement on production sharing, restoration, development and exploration at the block that includes Muradkhanli, Jafarli and

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Turkmen oil refineries' complex to up LPG output Energy

By Aynur Karimova The Turkmen Ministry of Oil and Gas and Natural Resources has revealed the Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries' liquefied gas production plans for 2016. The ministry reported on March 18 that the complex will produce 340,000 tons of LPG

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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Iran announces major jump in oil exports Energy

Iran announces major jump in oil exports Iran says its oil exports have already reached around 2.2 million barrels per day (bpd) in what could highlight a major progress in the country’s post-sanctions oil industry performance. Iran’s First Vice

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Turkmenistan aims to diversify fuel & energy industry Energy

Trend: During a meeting of the Turkmen cabinet of ministers, the country’s president, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, gave a number of instructions on further implementing the adopted programs of development, modernization and diversification of the national fuel and energy industry. These steps are meant

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Turkmenistan eyes developing fuel and energy complex Energy

Energy-rich Turkmenistan will continue to realize programs and projects envisaging further development, modernization and diversification of the national fuel and energy complex. Such an instruction was given by President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov at the recent meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, the

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Topaz Energy and Marine Net $ 20.8m Profit Investment

Topaz Energy and Marine, a leading offshore support vessel company, today announces its results for the year ended 31 December 2015. Business Highlights   * Net Profit for the period was US$ 20.8m before exceptional items, impairment charge

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of The Anglo-Russian Entente - 1907 History

Agreement Concerning Persia The Governments of Great Britain and Russia having mutually engaged to respect the integrity and independence of Persia, and sincerely desiring the preservation of order throughout that country and its peaceful develop ment, as well as the

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Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas; Expo scheduled for June Energy

Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas Expo scheduled for June Caspian Oil&Gas 2016, the 23rd international exhibition and conference, the largest energy sector event in the Caspian region, will take place from 1-4 June 2016 at Baku Expo Center. As a recognised international platform

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Globalink crosses the Caspian Investment

Globalink crosses the Caspian Kazakhstan headquartered Globalink Logistics Group has coordinated the delivery of out-of-gauge machinery and construction equipment from Yolotan, Turkmenistan to an oilfield site across the Caspian Sea at Atyrau. The Globalink teams in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan prepared

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Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Energy

Turkmenistan intensifies development of Caspian Sea shelf Trend: Turkmenistan can become a mighty industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the 'Neutral Turkmenistan' newspaper reported. The implementation of the project for constructing a gas chemical complex in Kiyanly village of

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Energy

Turkmenistan keen to become major exporter of chemicals Turkmenistan can become a powerful industrial power and a major exporter of chemical products, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported. The construction of a gas chemical complex on the Caspian Sea shore, exactly in

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Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Energy

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Turkmenistan and the European Union have launched a joint project on the implementation of strategies for sustainable development in Turkmenistan to help the country in the rational use of natural resources and energy, newspaper

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Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away Ecosystem

Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away By Kris B. Mamula / Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Only in dreams do zebra mussels have anything to do with implants for the brain — unless you’re Noah Snyder. He’s now marketing a chemical compound that can both

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Caspian Sea Yard to Build Persian Gulf Jack Ups Investment

Caspian Sea Yard to Build Persian Gulf Jack Ups   The Red Barricades shipyard in Astrakhan, Russia, has finalized a contract for the construction of five $200 million jack up rigs for Iranian firm SADID Industrial Group.  SADID and Red Barricades said that

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation Investment

Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation   INIC head Saeid Sarkar said Sun. Iran and Russia reached agreement on 16 cases for nano cooperation in the 3rd Iran-Russia High Commission on Nanotechnology Cooperation held in Moscow earlier this

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Iran, Russia in talks over electricity exchange Energy

Iran, Russia in talks over electricity exchange   A new report says Iran and Russia are in final talks over electricity exchange during high seasons. Payam Baqeri, head of Export Committee of the Iranian Power Industry Union, has told the Azerbaijan

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Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

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Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Investment

Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Deputy-minister of industry, mines and trade has said beginning from early June, flights has been operated directly between Tehran and Russian Caspian port city of Astrakhan. Valiollah Afkhamizadeh told reporters on Saturday

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Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field Energy

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field   Oil output at Kazakhstan's Kashagan field is expected to start in October 2016. Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov gave the relevant instruction to Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev and KazMunaiGas national company during the

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Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

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Barter Enables Iran-Turkmenistan Gas Trade Energy

Iran will import gas worth $30bn from Turkmenistan over the next ten years in exchange for engineering goods and services of the same value. Oil ministry representative Mohammad Taqi Amanpour said June 27 that the two countries had finalized $2.5bn of

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Schneider Electric holds workshop at Baku Higher Oil School

On June 28, Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS) and Schneider Electric started a three day workshop on Contemporary Standards of Process Safety for SOCAR management, engineers and technical employees. During the three separate workshop sessions, the presentations will be made

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

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Gilan's standardized exports up by 43 percent Investment

Gilan's standardized exports up by 43%     Head of exports quality evaluation office of Gilan Standardization Bureau said that standardized exports showed 43% growth in value in the first three months of the current Iranian calendar year (beginning on March 20).

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

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IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura, which is of great importance

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IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA holds next environmental campaign   IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura,

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China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

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Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

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A tale of continuity cultural

A tale of continuity   In Azerbaijan, you can see a confluence of the old and the new One can say that this country has a foot each in two worlds — One in the modern world with industrial aspirations

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

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Russian industrial giant seals deal with Iran Investment

Russian industrial giant seals deal with Iran   Russia’s Technopromexport has become the country’s first enterprise to win a major industrial deal from Iran after the removal of the sanctions against the country.  Technopromexport, part of Russia's

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Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream Energy

Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream   Gazprom, Russia's state controlled gas giant, is interested in developing gas projects in Iran According to Russian business daily Vedomosti, Russia's energy minister Alexander Novak said that the

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Russian researchers discover new type of waves science

Russian researchers discover new type of waves   A team of Russian researchers by using quantum approaches discovered new coherent regimes for electromagnetic pulses in superconducting metamaterials that can lead to potentially powerful quantum computing. A team of

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Russians to build 1.4 GW coal plant in Iran Energy

Russians to build 1.4 GW coal plant in Iran Tekhnopromexport, part of Russia's state industrial conglomerate Rostec, has become the first Russian company to win a large, firm contract with Iran after the end of Western sanctions

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Water level rises in Kura Hydrology

Water level rises in Kura   Increase of water level has been observed in Kura River in the past few days. The level of water in Giragkesemen settlement of Kura River increased by 12 cm on August 8. The water consumption holds 113m3/sec in

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Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

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First Neanderthal settlement uncovered in Nowshahr History

First Neanderthal settlement uncovered in Nowshahr A newly excavated site in Bandpey, southeast of Caspian Sea in Mazandaran provides major evidence for a Neanderthal settlement in the region. Hamed Vahdatinasab, local head of an archaeological expedition in

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Russian university develops unique implants science

Russian university develops unique implants   National University of Science and Technology MISIS has developed a new method to produce ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene implants intended to replace bone tissue defects in humans and animals. The new implant

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Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job Energy

Russia holds tender for Iran power plant job   Russia has announced a tender for the development of a key thermal power plant in Iran thus taking the project it was awarded last year one more step toward materialization.  Russia’s media

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Socar Joins New Adriatic Pipe Project Energy

Socar Joins New Adriatic Pipe Project   Four western Balkans nations signed a memorandum of understanding with Azerbaijan state Socar on co-operation on building the Ionian Adriatic pipeline (IAP) on the sidelines of a Dubrovnik forum 25-26 August. The

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Bumi Q2 earnings decline Energy

Bumi Q2 earnings decline   Malaysian FPSO player Bumi Armada reported 12.2% lower revenue of RM402.9 million and net loss of RM518.3 million in Q2 2016 due to lower income from its floating production storage and offloading (FPSO), and floating gas

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Iran, Russia to boost Ruble-Rial swap Investment

Iran, Russia to boost Ruble-Rial swap   Vice chairman of Iran-Russian Chamber of Commerce has called for currency swap to further develop volume of the two countries' trade exchanges. Ghadir Ghiafeh touched upon the banking cooperation agreement between

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Turkmenistan discussing Caspian Sea agreements Legal Issues

Turkmenistan discussing Caspian Sea agreements   Another meeting of the Turkmen Interdepartmental Commission on the Caspian Sea was held in Ashgabat, the Turkmen government said Sept. 6. According to the message, the draft agreements on trade and economic cooperation among the Caspian-littoral

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Government to stimulate tourism industry Tourism

Government to stimulate tourism industry   Azerbaijan located in the junction of two world civilizations, is a miraculous country with its rich natural resources, and ancient culture, history and people, whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of the traditions

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Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

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A confluence of old and new Tourism

A confluence of old and new   Azerbaijan may not be popular on the tourist radar, but it’s a good option if you want something unconventional Azerbaijan, called the land of fire, is filled with

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Iran to host IASP innovation conf. in 2018 science

Iran to host IASP innovation conf. in 2018   Iran will host the largest global innovation conference, IASP, in 2018, director general of Office for Technology announced on Friday. Khosro Piri, director general of Office for Technology at the Science,

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Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

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Mazhilis Approves Law on LEU Bank in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan’s Mazhilis (lower chamber of Parliament) approved Nov. 2 the draft law “On ratification of the agreement between the Kazakh government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on establishing the low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank in

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Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeons Fishing

IIKSS - Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeon which will contribute to the conservation of the unique biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, the newspaper “Neutral Turkmenistan” reported. An important role in this will play a fish-breeding complex, built in the

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Dubai hosts Kazakhstan trade mission Investment

IIKSS - Dubai hosted a trade mission of Kazakhstani producers organized by the Kazakh Agency for Export and Investment KAZNEX INVEST, Ministry for Investments and Development of Kazakhstan, and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Dubai with

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New modern fuel filling station in Mary Energy

IIKSS - A new modern fuel filling station of the Wekilbazar oil products enterprise is supplied with the efficient fire-control system and up-to-date equipment. The capacity of the new filling station is 1,500 motor vehicles per day. There

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Azerbaijan brands to hit Pak markets Investment

IIKSS - Azerbaijan’s Economy Ministry has announced that he will send an export mission to Pakistan next February. The export mission will include companies specializing in the production of fruits, vegetables, mineral water, fruit juices, sugar and confectionery,

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Russia, Azerbaijan, OPEC cut oil production Energy

IIKSS - Agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC countries, including Russia, on oil production levels cut, aimed at stabilizing world oil market, will be implemented starting from today. In total, OPEC cuts oil production by 1.2 million barrels per

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SOFAZ unveils preferred property markets Investment

IIKSS - The State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan (SOFAZ) is interested in the acquisition of high-quality real estate assets in European, Asia-Pacific and the US markets, SOFAZ Executive Director Shahmar Movsumov said in an exclusive interview with Trend.

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Iran, Germany ink transportation deals Investment

IIKSS - Iran, Germany ink transportation dealsThe agreements were signed by Iranian Minister of Road and Urban Development Abbas Akhoundi and German Minister of Transportation Alexander Dobrindt here in Tehran. They also agreed to form a work group

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Azerbaijan’s GDP increases Investment

IIKSS - The volume of Azerbaijan’s GDP reached 5.23 billion manat (official exchange rate on Feb. 18 is 1.7352 AZN/USD) in January 2017 that is by 0.8 percent more than in the same period of 2016, according to

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Turkmenistan seeks expanded trade ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stressed the importance of developing the trade and economic relations with Iran for the strengthening of mutually beneficial partnership. Berdimuhamedov said about this in his message to participants of the specialized exhibition of Iran, which

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iranian, Kazakh provinces ink agricultural MoU Investment

IIKSS- Head of Gorgan Chamber of Commerce said a cooperation agreement has been inked in agriculture sector between Iran’s Golestan province and Kyzylorda Region of Kazakhstan. Ramezan Bahrami said the newly-signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) pertained to extra-territorial

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China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

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Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

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Iran, Russia banks sign refinance agreement Investment

Export Development Bank of Iran (EDBI) and Moscow MirBusiness Bank on Sunday inked a short-term refinance agreement to promote imports of necessary goods, Irna reported. EDPB and Moscow MirBusiness Bank signed contract worth €10 million; the agreement will help

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