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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Georgian FM: No need to buy more gas from Gazprom Energy

Trend: The Georgian government aims at ensuring stable and uninterrupted gas supply, Mikheil Janelidze, Georgian foreign minister, said. Janelidze made this statement following the negotiations and the agreement with SOCAR (State Oil Company of Azerbaijan). The gas supply was problematic after the recent

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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Iran announces major jump in oil exports Energy

Iran announces major jump in oil exports Iran says its oil exports have already reached around 2.2 million barrels per day (bpd) in what could highlight a major progress in the country’s post-sanctions oil industry performance. Iran’s First Vice

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Iran using Asian help to revamp refineries Energy

Iran using Asian help to revamp refineries Iran said on Friday that it is working with Asian investors and builders to revamp several of its key refineries. Abbas Kazemi, the managing director of the National Iranian Oil Refining and

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Turkmenistan makes discount to Turkey for cargo transportation Investment

Trend: Turkmenistan has made a 20-percent discount to Turkey for cargo transportation through the Caspian Sea, Istanbulhaber online newspaper quoted Fatih Sener, executive director of Turkish International Transporters’ Association, as saying March 28. Sener noted that Turkmenistan’s government made a decision on

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Turkmen parliament adopts trading activity law Legal Issues

Trend: Parliament of Turkmenistan approved and adopted the bill “On Trading Activity”, according to the Turkmen government’s message issued March 28. The bill was passed at a parliament meeting, during which the MPs stressed that systematic work on creation of goods surplus

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Zoology Institute announces about new discoveries Ecosystem

Director of the Zoology Institute of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS) Ilham Alekperov spoke about new discoveries and breakthroughs in this field while talking to Day.Az. “Activity of the Zoology Institute covers all issues related to the fauna of

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Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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Lahijan Tourism

Lahijan Lahijan is a Caspian sea resort in and the capital of Lahijan County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 71,871, in 21,518 families. The resort Lahijan has both traditional and modern architecture. The

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Masuleh Tourism

Masuleh Masuleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 554 individuals from 180 families. Historical names for the city include Māsalar

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Azerbaijan, Iran to build border railway bridge Investment

Trend: Azerbaijan, Iran and Russia attach great importance to the transport corridors passing through these countries, and in particular the railway networks, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said. He made the remarks at a press conference following the trilateral meeting of the

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Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

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SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Energy

SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Trend: The Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project will save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia, said Stephen Blank, senior fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council. He made the remarks addressing an event

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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BP, its partners invest in Azerbaijan Energy

BP, its partners invest almost $60B in Azerbaijan Trend: The British BP company together with its partners on development of the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli and Shah Deniz oil and gas fields invested in Azerbaijan over $58 billion over the period of more than 20-year

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Why do we need to save the tiger? Ecosystem

Why do we need to save the tiger? The natural population of these beautiful felines that we are used to seeing under captivity is disintegrating slowly. Tigers are among the most endangered animals on earth. The natural population of

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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Turkmenistan, Italy studying joint projects Energy

Turkmenistan, Italy studying joint projects Trend: Turkmenistan and Italy have great opportunities to diversify the cooperation and implement joint projects in various spheres, says the Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. He made the remarks during a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, read

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Energy

Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Azerbaijan, a key energy player in Eurasia, today is completely successful country both in terms of production and in terms of transportation of energy resources, and the country is committed to make great strides to boost

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Azerbaijan may discover additional gas condensate reserves Energy

Azerbaijan may discover additional gas condensate reserves   Azerbaijan has all opportunities for discovering additional gas condensate reserves at its fields in the Caspian Sea, said Natig Aliyev, Azerbaijani energy minister. The minister made the remarks Apr. 25 at the SOCAR International

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Kazakhstan plans to enter top 10 oil exporters Energy

Kazakhstan plans to enter top 10 oil exporters Kazakhstan plans to produce 77 million tons of oil in 2016, Deputy Director General of the Information Oil and Gas Center of Energy Ministry of Kazakhstan Askar Kenzhekhanov said. He made the remarks

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BP with partners invest $58B in Azerbaijan Energy

BP with partners invest $58B in Azerbaijan The British BP company and partners have invested $58 billion in Azerbaijan's projects over the period of its activity. The statement came from Bakhtiyar Aslanbayli, BP's regional vice president, said Apr. 25, Trend reports. He

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Hydrology

Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Deputy energy minister has said exploration of deep waters in Iran will be carried out in partnership with Russia. Iranian Deputy Minister of Energy Sattar Mahmoudi made the remarks noting “on the basis of studies

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Turkmenistan should focus on developing Caspian oil fields Energy

Turkmenistan should focus on developing Caspian oil fields   Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has emphasized the necessity of accelerating the work on developing the country's large oil and gas fields and paying special attention to the Turkmen sector of the Caspian

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Gazprom executives to visit Tehran Energy

Gazprom executives to visit Tehran A 30-strong delegation of Russia’s Gazprom Company, the world’s largest gas exporter, will soon travel to Tehran to launch fresh round of talks with Iran. Headed by Deputy Chairman of Gazprom's Board

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Southern Gas Corridor to attract about 7B dollar Energy

Southern Gas Corridor to attract about $7B The Southern Gas Corridor project, designed to supply Caspian gas to Europe, intends to attract investments worth $7 billion. The remark was made by Rovnag Abdullayev, President of Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR on

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EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier Energy

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier European countries view hydrocarbon-rich Turkmenistan as one of the main suppliers of natural gas. The remark was made by Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat Ivo Petrov during the meeting with Turkmen President

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Iran has the largest world oil tankers company Energy

Iran has the largest world oil tankers company   Managing Director of National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) Ali Akbar Safaei said on Monday that Iran has the largest world oil tanker company with a capacity of more than 15.5 million tons.

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Hotel investors look to Iran Investment

Hotel investors look to Iran Global hotel companies are betting that lifted sanctions against Iran will bring waves of tourists and business travel to the Middle East Nation. For example, the Spanish operator Melia Hotels International plans to open a 319-room hotel

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The fascinating land of Dagestan History

The fascinating land of Dagestan   The Republic of Dagestan set on the Caspian Sea between the staggering Greater Caucasus mountains is a wonderland of ethnic and cultural diversity. Dagestan surrounded by the Caucasus mountains on one

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Traces of extinction Ecosystem

Traces of extinction Tigers used to occur across Asia as far west as Turkey. Isolated populations of tigers developed into eight different subspecies. Three generations ago, the tiger ranged from the Caucasus and Turkey through the southern Caspian region

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SOCAR reveals oil output from ACG Energy

SOCAR reveals oil output from ACG Nearly 400 million tons of Azeri Light oil and more than 120 billion cubic meters of associated gas has been produced in Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli (ACG) block of fields in Azerbaijan during less than 20 years. The

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Iran resumes crude oil swap Energy

Iran resumes crude oil swap Head of North Oil Terminal Hamid Reza Shahdoust said on Wednesday that National Iranian Oil Company has obliged Nikoo Company to fulfill preparatory works for resuming crude oil swap in shortest possible time.

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation Investment

Iran, Russia to ramp up nano cooperation   INIC head Saeid Sarkar said Sun. Iran and Russia reached agreement on 16 cases for nano cooperation in the 3rd Iran-Russia High Commission on Nanotechnology Cooperation held in Moscow earlier this

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Port Of Call Investment

Port Of Call The Chabahar port in Iran will help India get direct access to Central Asian markets. For India Inc, it is a huge business opportunity. On September 1, 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on his maiden visit

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Turkmen geologists to focus on oil fields search Energy

Turkmen geologists to focus on oil fields search   The search for oil fields is currently one of the priority directions of geological exploration work of "Turkmengeology" - the government's organization in the field of geological exploration, said the message of

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Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field Energy

Kazakhstan to resume oil production on Kashagan field   Oil output at Kazakhstan's Kashagan field is expected to start in October 2016. Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov gave the relevant instruction to Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev and KazMunaiGas national company during the

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Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op Investment

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op   Turkmenistan and China have confirmed their readiness to further enhance economic partnership in view of its enormous potential, national interests and a common vision for the future of the Asian region, the Turkmen government reported

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Illegal banking activity ceased in Azerbaijan Investment

Parabank’s Sumgayit branch was operating outside the branch without proper permit for the activity. A structural division under Parabank JSC’s Sumgayit branch was revealed in Azerbaijan as a result of the monitoring conducted by the country’s Financial Market Supervisory

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Schneider Electric holds workshop at Baku Higher Oil School

On June 28, Baku Higher Oil School (BHOS) and Schneider Electric started a three day workshop on Contemporary Standards of Process Safety for SOCAR management, engineers and technical employees. During the three separate workshop sessions, the presentations will be made

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

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Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement Investment

Iran, Russia reach new banking agreement   Officials of Iranian and Russian central banks have reached an accord over launching broker relationships between Russia’s major banks and their Iranian counterparts. On the sidelines of the XXV International Financial

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

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Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry science

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry    After conducting a thorough review, Russia reached a conclusion that it's ready to supply 100 short-haul passenger aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Iran, according to the latest reports. Russia has clarified that due

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Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

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Lukoil Provides Update on North Caspian Fields Energy

Lukoil Provides Update on North Caspian Fields   Russia’s Lukoil is on schedule to begin phase one production at its Filanovsky oil field this autumn and expects to begin phase two production in late  2017. It is also keeping an eye open to

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Russian university develops unique implants science

Russian university develops unique implants   National University of Science and Technology MISIS has developed a new method to produce ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene implants intended to replace bone tissue defects in humans and animals. The new implant

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Iran ready to swap oil with Russia Energy

Iran ready to swap oil with Russia   Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh has reported on negotiations between Iran and Russia for oil swap. Speaking at a live IRIB program, Zanganeh said several domestic and foreign companies have launched

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Vitol to buy Iran, Russia swap oil Energy

Vitol to buy Iran, Russia swap oil   An oil official has announced that Vitol S.A. of Switzerland is likely to purchase Russian crude to be swapped through Iran’s largest oil terminal in the Caspian Sea. Despite the

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China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects Investment

China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects   China and Kazakhstan, the two strategic partners, are planning to implement some 51 joint projects in different spheres of Kazakhstan’s economy, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced about this following his working visit to

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6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran Tourism

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran   While Iran often finds itself in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, intrepid globetrotters consistently sing the country’s praises, calling it a surprisingly welcoming destination with plenty of untouched treasures to discover. The

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IFC considers funding Southern Gas Corridor project Energy

IFC considers funding Southern Gas Corridor project   International Finance Corporation (IFC) is considering the possibility of financing the Southern Gas Corridor project, IFC representative in Azerbaijan Aliya Azimova told Trend Sept.9. She pointed out that this project is of great importance

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Iran focused on small reactors: Salehi science

Iran focused on small reactors: Salehi   The head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization told the Sputnik, the Russian news outlet, that developing Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) is the current nuclear strategy of Iran. “Currently Iran is mulling

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A confluence of old and new Tourism

A confluence of old and new   Azerbaijan may not be popular on the tourist radar, but it’s a good option if you want something unconventional Azerbaijan, called the land of fire, is filled with

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Kashagan oil maybe transported via Azerbaijan Energy

Kashagan oil maybe transported via Azerbaijan   Energy-rich Kazakhstan may start oil export from its large Kashagan field through Azerbaijan in 2017.  Kazakh Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev said that the country does not exclude the possibility of transporting oil through Azerbaijan,

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Iran to host IASP innovation conf. in 2018 science

Iran to host IASP innovation conf. in 2018   Iran will host the largest global innovation conference, IASP, in 2018, director general of Office for Technology announced on Friday. Khosro Piri, director general of Office for Technology at the Science,

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Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy Ecosystem

Brown bear, cub sighted in Kordkuy   Two environmental patrol officers have recorded video of a female brown bear and her cub in Kordkuy. Two environmental patrol officers who were on mission in forests of Kordkuy, in Golestan

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Azerbaijan, Russia eye to expand flights network Tourism

Azerbaijan and Russia intend to expand the network of flights, which are currently carried out in six directions between the two countries, Head of the International Cooperation Department of the Federal Agency for Tourism of Russia Valery Korovin

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Mazhilis Approves Law on LEU Bank in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan’s Mazhilis (lower chamber of Parliament) approved Nov. 2 the draft law “On ratification of the agreement between the Kazakh government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on establishing the low-enriched uranium (LEU) bank in

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UAE interested in Azerbaijani products Investment

IIKSS - To promote the national brands in Dubai, Azerbaijan's export mission visited the United Arab Emirates recently. The delegation included representatives of 20 companies engaged in manufacture of natural juices, mineral beverages, agricultural products, meat and meat

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Azerbaijan exports 19M tons of oil products Energy

IIKSS - Azerbaijan exported 19,098,957 tons of oil products in January-November of this year, according to the State Customs Committee. The official figures suggest that the total value of the exported oil products made $5,896 million. The country

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Railway to connect Iran to Central Asian states Investment

IIKSS - RAI deputy has reported on negotiations for launching railroad connection among Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Mir-Hassan Mousavi, Deputy of Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (RAI) made the remarks saying “the talks have kicked off in

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Azerbaijan brands to hit Pak markets Investment

IIKSS - Azerbaijan’s Economy Ministry has announced that he will send an export mission to Pakistan next February. The export mission will include companies specializing in the production of fruits, vegetables, mineral water, fruit juices, sugar and confectionery,

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Kazakhstan to cut uranium output Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan plans to reduce uranium production by 10 percent in 2017, Kazakhstan’s National Atomic Company Kazatomprom reported on January 10. This decision was made considering current oversupply in the uranium market. The target uranium production for

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Iran-Azerbaijan Rail Linkup in a Month Investment

IIKSS - The railroads of Iran and Azerbaijan will be connected in a month, according to Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud Vaezi. The two country’s rail networks will be linked via a 10-km route connecting the

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Turkmenistan to further consider joining WTO Investment

IIKSS- Turkmenistan will further consider the prospects of joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), the ‘Neutral Turkmenistan’ newspaper quoted President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov as saying Feb. 21. President Berdimuhamedov made the remarks at a meeting of the Cabinet of

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

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Kazakhstan to develop banking ties with Iran Investment

IIKSS- The Vice-Governor of Iran’s Central Bank for Foreign Exchange Affairs, Gholamali Kamyab, met with Kassymbek, the Kazakh Minister of Investment and Development on Thursday in Astana. Gholamali Kamyab, the Vice-Governor of Iran’s Central Bank for Foreign Exchange

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Work on TAPI pipeline begins in Pakistan Energy

IIKSS- After being in the works for the past 22 years, the multibillion-dollar Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project got under way on Friday. The pipeline will serve as an energy corridor between Central and South Asia. The inaugural

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