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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Iran prepared for oil swap in Caspian Sea Energy

TEHRAN, Feb. 10 (MNA) – An official of Iranian Oil Terminals Company (IOTC) has said operation of new oil storage facilities will improve Iran’s oil swap capacity. Hamid Reza Shahdoust who was talking to reporters on Wednesday

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Extracting anti-cancer drugs from sea cucumbers Ecosystem

TEHRAN, Jan. 05 (MNA) – Head of Aquatics’ Knowledge, Industry and Market Coordination Association said the project of extracting anti liver cancer medicines from sea cucumbers is currently underway at Shahid Beheshti University. Abasali Matlabi maintained that

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German scholar says Iran is rich in archeology History

Tehran, March 6, IRNA – Senior Researcher from German University of Munich, Dr. Christian Konrad Piller, said on Sunday that he had done much archeological work in Iran, notably detecting hints of public social standings in the country in

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

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KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Caspian gull sighted at Kundapur Ecosystem

A bird watcher has sighted a Caspian gull at Kundapur in Udupi district. M. Ranganath Bhat from Mangaluru, a member of Coastal Karnatka Bird Watchers Network, spotted this the bird in the backwaters of Kundapur on February 21. It

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TransCaspian 2016 scheduled for May Investment

TransCaspian 2016, the 15th Anniversary International Transport, Transit and Logistics Exhibition, will take place from 11 - 13 May at Baku Expo Centre. This year, the exhibition is marking its 15th anniversary. Over the years, the exhibition has established itself as

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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New fishing regulations for 2016 Fishing

FRANKFORT — It is no longer getting dark at dinner time. We are beginning to have days cresting the 50 degree mark. It is enough to make you want to go fishing. Before you cast a line, however, you need to

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Kashagan to expand and extend first production stage Investment

ASTANA – The Kashagan development project operator – North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC) – is planning to substantially expand and extend the first production stage – the Experimental Programme (EP). The operator company has developed an AEP project – Additional

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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Another reason for an oil roll over Energy

Since writing last week about an impending drawdown in floating storage which would pressure Brent prices lower, front month Brent has fallen by -6.3% (USD -2.6/bbl). However this has had nothing to do with floating storage as the Bloomberg estimate

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of The Anglo-Russian Entente - 1907 History

Agreement Concerning Persia The Governments of Great Britain and Russia having mutually engaged to respect the integrity and independence of Persia, and sincerely desiring the preservation of order throughout that country and its peaceful develop ment, as well as the

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

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Lahijan Tourism

Lahijan Lahijan is a Caspian sea resort in and the capital of Lahijan County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 71,871, in 21,518 families. The resort Lahijan has both traditional and modern architecture. The

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Ramsar Tourism

Ramsar Ramsar is a city in and the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 33,018, in 9,421 families. Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It was also

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Masuleh Tourism

Masuleh Masuleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 554 individuals from 180 families. Historical names for the city include Māsalar

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Why do we need to save the tiger? Ecosystem

Why do we need to save the tiger? The natural population of these beautiful felines that we are used to seeing under captivity is disintegrating slowly. Tigers are among the most endangered animals on earth. The natural population of

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

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Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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Iran-Azerbaijan trade turnover up Investment

Iran-Azerbaijan trade turnover up by 53% Trade turnover between Iran and Azerbaijan has increased by 53 percent in the first three months of the current year, said Iran's ICT Minister Mahmoud Vaezi speaking to reporters in Baku April 21. Vaezi, who

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Russia Renewable Energy Report Energy

Russia Renewable Energy Report Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy accounts for less than 1% of power generation capacity. These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar and

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Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan to step up ICT coop In a meeting between Iran's ICT minister and Azeri counterpart in Baku, the two sides stressed cooperation in the fields of communication, satellites, post and post bank. Mahmoud Vaezi, who is

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away Ecosystem

Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away By Kris B. Mamula / Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Only in dreams do zebra mussels have anything to do with implants for the brain — unless you’re Noah Snyder. He’s now marketing a chemical compound that can both

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Renewable Energy Report For Russia Energy

Renewable Energy Report For Russia Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy account for less than 1% of power generation capacity. Moscow-shutterstock_400971697-1-600x381These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Tourism

Ankara, Baku to become sister cities Baku and Ankara can become sister cities soon, as the Ankara City Municipality decided to sign relevant protocols, Turkish Haberlerankara newspaper reports. The decision aims to further strengthen the relations between Azerbaijan and Turkey. Ankara, Turkey's

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Iran has the largest world oil tankers company Energy

Iran has the largest world oil tankers company   Managing Director of National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) Ali Akbar Safaei said on Monday that Iran has the largest world oil tanker company with a capacity of more than 15.5 million tons.

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Investment

INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Iran, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Greece introduced their achievements in a meeting on IT and ICT technology exchange held on the sidelines of 2016 INOTEX Exhibition.   Speaking on the sidelines of

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Traces of extinction Ecosystem

Traces of extinction Tigers used to occur across Asia as far west as Turkey. Isolated populations of tigers developed into eight different subspecies. Three generations ago, the tiger ranged from the Caucasus and Turkey through the southern Caspian region

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Azerbaijan – Oriental Express Hub? Energy

Azerbaijan – Oriental Express Hub?    With the first Mumbai-to-Moscow train scheduled to chug through Azerbaijan this August, railways seem set to become the new oil for the Caspian Sea nation.   Better known for a wealth of energy and

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Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Investment

Tehran-Astrakhan direct flight starts operation Deputy-minister of industry, mines and trade has said beginning from early June, flights has been operated directly between Tehran and Russian Caspian port city of Astrakhan. Valiollah Afkhamizadeh told reporters on Saturday

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Focus on Caucasian pit viper Ecosystem

Focus on Caucasian pit viper   Vipers are the most efficient poisonous snakes of all. Their long fangs can inject venom deep into a victim. The venom acts mainly on the blood and muscles of the prey. Vipers usually have

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Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties cultural

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties   The Republic of Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to Iran Bunyad Huseynov met Iran’s Minister of Culture Ali Jannati to discuss bilateral issues of concern. There are several cultural points that the two countries share, such as the poems

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters Ecosystem

Invasive Species Could Creep into Armstrong Waters   by Jonathan Weaver Boaters traveling along the Allegheny River or traveling to places like Pymatuming State Park in Crawford County this Summer should heed warning: there could be invasive species traveling with you. Biologist Sara Stahlman,

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A tale of continuity cultural

A tale of continuity   In Azerbaijan, you can see a confluence of the old and the new One can say that this country has a foot each in two worlds — One in the modern world with industrial aspirations

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia science

Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia   The Zhibek Zholy, a dry cargo vessel with a capacity of 7,500 dead weight tonnage (DWT), was launched July 12 in Shlisselburg, Russia, reported the Kazakhstan Temir Zholy

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Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry science

Russia, Iran to deepen ties in aviation industry    After conducting a thorough review, Russia reached a conclusion that it's ready to supply 100 short-haul passenger aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 to Iran, according to the latest reports. Russia has clarified that due

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Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year Agriculture

Iran self-sufficient in wheat for 2nd year   Iran expects its state-sponsored purchases of wheat from domestic farmers to surpass 10 million tonnes this year, Agriculture Minister Mahmoud Hojjati says. Harvests in the 2016/2017 crop season are on track to make

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Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation science

Iran, Russia want broader ICT cooperation   Iran and Russia have called for stronger measures to promote cooperation in the area of telecommunications and cyberspace. This was expressed in a meeting between Iran’s Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mahmoud

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Russian researchers discover new type of waves science

Russian researchers discover new type of waves   A team of Russian researchers by using quantum approaches discovered new coherent regimes for electromagnetic pulses in superconducting metamaterials that can lead to potentially powerful quantum computing. A team of

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Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes Investment

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes   143 train cars, blocked at the Ukraine-Russia border, explain why. In the first eight months of 2016, 143 train cars laden with goods destined primarily for Kazakhstan, but also Kyrgyzstan, were stopped at the Russian-Ukrainian

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Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building science

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building   ICT Minister Vaezi said Iran is currently negotiating with Russia’s State Corporation for Space Activities ‘Roscosmos’ to reach the right deal for construction and launch of a national remote-sensing satellite. Mahmoud Vaezi,

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Mastercards now available in Iran Investment

Mastercards now available in Iran   Iran’s ICT Minister Mahmoud Vaezi has announced that MasterCard’s international credit cards are now available inside the country. Speaking during a ceremony to inaugurate infrastructure projects of Iran Post, Iranian Minister of

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

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Iran ready to swap oil with Russia Energy

Iran ready to swap oil with Russia   Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh has reported on negotiations between Iran and Russia for oil swap. Speaking at a live IRIB program, Zanganeh said several domestic and foreign companies have launched

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

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Local rivers under mudflow threat Environment

Local rivers under mudflow threat   Heavy rains of the past few days increased a risk of mudflows and floods in some mountains rivers of Azerbaijan, said Elbrus Alizadeh, the deputy director of the Geography Institute under the Azerbaijani National Academy

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6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran Tourism

6 reasons to visit culturally-rich Iran   While Iran often finds itself in the headlines for all the wrong reasons, intrepid globetrotters consistently sing the country’s praises, calling it a surprisingly welcoming destination with plenty of untouched treasures to discover. The

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Iran central part of Silk Road Investment

Iran central part of Silk Road   Austrian President of International Institute for Peace (IIP) has said Chinese effort to revive classical Silk Road is unlikely to incite animosity from European countries. Payman Yazdani of Mehr News International

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Government to stimulate tourism industry Tourism

Government to stimulate tourism industry   Azerbaijan located in the junction of two world civilizations, is a miraculous country with its rich natural resources, and ancient culture, history and people, whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of the traditions

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Iran interested in Russian tourists Tourism

Iran interested in Russian tourists   Russia plans to develop tourist relations with Iran, the Association of Tour Operators of Russia (ATOR) said. The advisor at the Iranian embassy in Russia, Hassan Saleh Majd, said that Russia and Iran currently operate 8-9

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A confluence of old and new Tourism

A confluence of old and new   Azerbaijan may not be popular on the tourist radar, but it’s a good option if you want something unconventional Azerbaijan, called the land of fire, is filled with

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Crewboat Delivered to Caspian Marine Investment

Crewboat Delivered to Caspian Marine   Muslim Magomayev, the first of this design developed by Incat Crowther, was built by Incat Tasmania and delivered to CMS in 2014. Both Muslim Magomayev and Rashid Behbedov are engineered for the Ampelmann walk-to-work system,

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Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

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Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeons Fishing

IIKSS - Turkmenistan artificially farms sturgeon which will contribute to the conservation of the unique biodiversity of the Caspian Sea, the newspaper “Neutral Turkmenistan” reported. An important role in this will play a fish-breeding complex, built in the

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Development of alternative energy in Kazakhstan Energy

IIKSS - Kazakhstan develops alternative energy, actively applying new technologies which allow rational use of natural resources. For instance, the first wind farm is successfully operating in Akmola region. Since the launch, the farm generated 193 million kilowatts

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The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

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Iran sells crude oil at $52.16 in a week Energy

IIKSS - Iranian light crude oil price continued its upward trend in the week ended on December 23, increasing 30 cents per barrel (pb) to reach $52.16, IRNA reported on Saturday. The country’s light crude price stood at

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Fire at Azerbaijani gas pipeline extinguished Energy

IIKSS - The fire that broke out following an explosion at a gas pipeline in Sangachal settlement, Azerbaijan’s Garadagh district on Monday morning has been extinguished, the country’s Ministry of Emergency Situations informed. A fire erupted after an

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SOFAZ unveils preferred property markets Investment

IIKSS - The State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan (SOFAZ) is interested in the acquisition of high-quality real estate assets in European, Asia-Pacific and the US markets, SOFAZ Executive Director Shahmar Movsumov said in an exclusive interview with Trend.

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