IIKSS Search

Fresh oil explorations in Caspian Sea Energy

TEHRAN, Jun. 24 (MNA) – A trilateral agreement has returned exploration teams of the Oil Ministry to Caspian Sea blocks. The first oil field in Caspian Sea deep waters was discovered four years ago;

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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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Iran prepared for oil swap in Caspian Sea Energy

TEHRAN, Feb. 10 (MNA) – An official of Iranian Oil Terminals Company (IOTC) has said operation of new oil storage facilities will improve Iran’s oil swap capacity. Hamid Reza Shahdoust who was talking to reporters on Wednesday

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Huge jump in Russian black caviar exports Fishing

The export of Russian black caviar has tripled in the first eleven months of last year compared with the same period of 2014, the Russian Ministry of Agriculture reported on Friday. Read more about 50 tons of black caviar, and exported 4.71

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German scholar says Iran is rich in archeology History

Tehran, March 6, IRNA – Senior Researcher from German University of Munich, Dr. Christian Konrad Piller, said on Sunday that he had done much archeological work in Iran, notably detecting hints of public social standings in the country in

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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TransCaspian 2016 scheduled for May Investment

TransCaspian 2016, the 15th Anniversary International Transport, Transit and Logistics Exhibition, will take place from 11 - 13 May at Baku Expo Centre. This year, the exhibition is marking its 15th anniversary. Over the years, the exhibition has established itself as

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Baku to host 6th Road and Traffic expo Investment

Road and Traffic 2016, the 6th Caspian International Road Infrastructure and Public Transport Exhibition, will be held at Baku Expo Center on May 11-13. Road&Traffic is the region’s leading trade event bringing together professionals in road and tunnel planning and construction,

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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Terms of bond issuance for Southern Gas Corridor defined Energy

By Anvar Mammadov – Trend: Azerbaijan's Southern Gas Corridor Company has released initial price thoughts for a ten-year bond at seven percent yield area, Global Capital agency reported. Depending on market conditions, the SGC's bond offering under the state guarantee is forecasted

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Iran announces major jump in oil exports Energy

Iran announces major jump in oil exports Iran says its oil exports have already reached around 2.2 million barrels per day (bpd) in what could highlight a major progress in the country’s post-sanctions oil industry performance. Iran’s First Vice

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Iran using Asian help to revamp refineries Energy

Iran using Asian help to revamp refineries Iran said on Friday that it is working with Asian investors and builders to revamp several of its key refineries. Abbas Kazemi, the managing director of the National Iranian Oil Refining and

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Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline still alive Energy

By Emil Ilgar – Trend: Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project, is not dead and negotiations over realization of the project continue, the Managing Director of National Iranian Gas Company Hamid Reza Iraqi told Fars News Agency. "Pakistan has agreed to build a 100km-pipeline

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New fishing regulations for 2016 Fishing

FRANKFORT — It is no longer getting dark at dinner time. We are beginning to have days cresting the 50 degree mark. It is enough to make you want to go fishing. Before you cast a line, however, you need to

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Topaz Energy and Marine Net $ 20.8m Profit Investment

Topaz Energy and Marine, a leading offshore support vessel company, today announces its results for the year ended 31 December 2015. Business Highlights   * Net Profit for the period was US$ 20.8m before exceptional items, impairment charge

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Lukoil expands operations in Caspian Sea Energy

Lukoil plans to increase oil production in the Caspian Sea by 7 million tons a year after commissioning the Vladimir Filansky field. Lukoil has already approved all its plans for the Caspian Sea. With the introduction of the full capacity in

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Baku to host Int'l Food Industry Expo Investment

WorldFood Azerbaijan 2016, one of the most important and significant events in the region’s food industry, will take place from May 19-21 at Baku Expo Center. Over the years, the exhibition has established itself as a leading event in

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Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

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CASPIANS History

CASPIANS or CASPIANS tribes name of an ancient people dwelling along the southwestern shore of the Caspian Sea, whether north or south of the river Kura is not clear. CASPIANS (Gk. Káspioi), name of an ancient people dwelling along the southwestern shore

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Tethys Petroleum incurs huge losses in 2015 Energy

Trend: The losses of the Tethys Petroleum Limited in 2015 stood at $74.6 million as compared to $16.4 million in 2014, said the company in a message posted on its website March 31. Tethys Petroleum Limited is an oil and gas exploration

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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Iran’s oil, condensate export surpasses 2 mbpd Energy

Iran’s oil export has recently surpassed two million barrels per day, the country’s oil minister, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh said. “The country now is exporting over two million barrels of gas condensates and crude oil per day,” Zanganeh said, Mehr news agency

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Another reason for an oil roll over Energy

Since writing last week about an impending drawdown in floating storage which would pressure Brent prices lower, front month Brent has fallen by -6.3% (USD -2.6/bbl). However this has had nothing to do with floating storage as the Bloomberg estimate

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Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) History

The Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including the Treaty of Turkmenchay were canceled.

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full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) History

full text of Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) ARTICLE I His Majesty the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran have agreed to eternal peace, friendship and full agreement between them, their heirs to the throne,

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Gilaks People Caspian geography and anthropology

Gilaks People The Gilani people or Gilaks  are an Iranian people native to the northern Iran province of Gilan. Gilaks, along with the closely related Mazandarani people, comprise part of the Caspian people, who inhabit the southern

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Masuleh Tourism

Masuleh Masuleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 554 individuals from 180 families. Historical names for the city include Māsalar

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas; Expo scheduled for June Energy

Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas Expo scheduled for June Caspian Oil&Gas 2016, the 23rd international exhibition and conference, the largest energy sector event in the Caspian region, will take place from 1-4 June 2016 at Baku Expo Center. As a recognised international platform

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Why do we need to save the tiger? Ecosystem

Why do we need to save the tiger? The natural population of these beautiful felines that we are used to seeing under captivity is disintegrating slowly. Tigers are among the most endangered animals on earth. The natural population of

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

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Turkmenistan, Italy studying joint projects Energy

Turkmenistan, Italy studying joint projects Trend: Turkmenistan and Italy have great opportunities to diversify the cooperation and implement joint projects in various spheres, says the Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. He made the remarks during a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, read

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U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

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S&P affirms ratings of Kazakh KazTransOil pipeline operator Energy

S&P affirms ratings of Kazakh KazTransOil pipeline operator Trend: Standard & Poor's Ratings Services affirmed its 'BB' long-term corporate credit rating on Kazakhstan-based oil pipeline operator KazTransOil (KTO), the rating agency reported. The outlook is negative, according to the agency. The affirmation reflects

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Songs of devotion Caspian geography and anthropology

<header class="node-header"> Songs of devotion </header> REVIEW / CONCERT A TAPESTRY OF SACRED MUSIC FESTIVAL: VOICES FROM THE LAND OF FIRE: MUGHAMS AND ASHIQS FROM AZERBAIJAN National treasures rarely come as gentle, unshowy and workman-like as Alim Qasimov, the titan among the

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Energy

Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Azerbaijan, a key energy player in Eurasia, today is completely successful country both in terms of production and in terms of transportation of energy resources, and the country is committed to make great strides to boost

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Caviar exports from Iran up 183 percent Fishing

Caviar exports from Iran up 183% yr/yr Tehran- Iran’s exports of caviar rose to worth $1.7 million showing 183.3 percent increase in the past Iranian calendar year of 1394 (ended March 19, 2016), the ISNA news agency reported on

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Russia Renewable Energy Report Energy

Russia Renewable Energy Report Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy accounts for less than 1% of power generation capacity. These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar and

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off Energy

Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off The 21st International Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Exhibition started work here Thursday for four days. Near 2,000 companies from Iran and 38 world countries have attended Iran Oil Show this year.

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How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Fishing

How to Judge the New Generation of Caviar Have a hankering for caviar? A decade ago, buying the black pearls was straightforward. Whether Russian or Iranian, almost all sturgeon eggs came from the Caspian Sea, and even novices knew that beluga

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Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away Ecosystem

Keeping microbes, zebra mussels away By Kris B. Mamula / Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Only in dreams do zebra mussels have anything to do with implants for the brain — unless you’re Noah Snyder. He’s now marketing a chemical compound that can both

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Renewable Energy Report For Russia Energy

Renewable Energy Report For Russia Other than large hydroelectric plants in Russia, all other forms of renewable energy account for less than 1% of power generation capacity. Moscow-shutterstock_400971697-1-600x381These metrics come from Russia Direct, which reports when it comes to wind, solar

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Gazprom executives to visit Tehran Energy

Gazprom executives to visit Tehran A 30-strong delegation of Russia’s Gazprom Company, the world’s largest gas exporter, will soon travel to Tehran to launch fresh round of talks with Iran. Headed by Deputy Chairman of Gazprom's Board

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Southern Gas Corridor to attract about 7B dollar Energy

Southern Gas Corridor to attract about $7B The Southern Gas Corridor project, designed to supply Caspian gas to Europe, intends to attract investments worth $7 billion. The remark was made by Rovnag Abdullayev, President of Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR on

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Iran to export 90k tons fisheries Fishing

Iran to export 90k tons fisheries An official at Iran Fisheries Organization has estimated that export volume of fishery products will reach 90 thousand tons in the current Iranian year (began March 20). Isa Golshahi, Iran Fisheries

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Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Energy

Kazakhstan plans to build new oil terminal Kazakhstan plans to construct an oil terminal in its Kuryk port in the future, the Kazakh National Transport and Logistics Center told Trend May 23. However, no timeframe of the terminal's construction was revealed. Transshipment

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EBRD Mulls SGC Loan Energy

EBRD Mulls SGC Loan EBRD Mulls SGC Loan The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is ready to support the southern gas corridor (SGC) project, its president Suma Chakrabarti told reporters in Baku May 25. Chakrabarti said the EBRD has firmly committed

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Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

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The fascinating land of Dagestan History

The fascinating land of Dagestan   The Republic of Dagestan set on the Caspian Sea between the staggering Greater Caucasus mountains is a wonderland of ethnic and cultural diversity. Dagestan surrounded by the Caucasus mountains on one

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ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan Investment

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan   ARETI International Group of companies is interested in joining projects implemented in different spheres of Turkmenistan’s economy. During his meeting with President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Chairman of the ARETI International Group of Companies Igor

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Moscow is preparing special beach areas Tourism

Moscow is preparing special beach areas   FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: This summer, in the city of Moscow, there will be arranged new beaches on the banks of rivers and lakes of the city with demarcated areas where water would not exceed 1.2

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Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects Investment

Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects   Azerbaijan and Iran are considering three options for financing construction of the Rasht-Astara (Iran) railway section, Head of Azerbaijan Railways CJSC Javid Gurbanov said while talking to ANS TV channel. Being a part of the North-South

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Total Seeks Better Terms for Baku’s No 2 Field Energy

Total Seeks Better Terms for Baku’s No 2 Field   Azerbaijan has extended the deadline for French major Total to submit the development plan for the first phase of the country’s second biggest gas field, Absheron, which contains 350bn m3 of gas

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Barter Enables Iran-Turkmenistan Gas Trade Energy

Iran will import gas worth $30bn from Turkmenistan over the next ten years in exchange for engineering goods and services of the same value. Oil ministry representative Mohammad Taqi Amanpour said June 27 that the two countries had finalized $2.5bn of

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Gilan's standardized exports up by 43 percent Investment

Gilan's standardized exports up by 43%     Head of exports quality evaluation office of Gilan Standardization Bureau said that standardized exports showed 43% growth in value in the first three months of the current Iranian calendar year (beginning on March 20).

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Azerbaijan open seventh international airport Tourism

Repairs in Naftalan airport, which will be the seventh international airport in Azerbaijan will begin in 2017, director of the Depatment of Culture and Tourism of Naftalan Zohrab Adigozalov told Trend. Adigozalov said that it gets international airport status after the

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Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

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Iran improves journal ranking on dentistry

TEHRAN, Jul. 02 (MNA) – Iran has surpassed Switzerland and Canada in SJR (Scientific Journal Rankings) 2015 on dentistry and is currently ranked 12 in the world. Saeid Asgari, Secretary of Iran’s Oral Health Council of the

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Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

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A tale of continuity cultural

A tale of continuity   In Azerbaijan, you can see a confluence of the old and the new One can say that this country has a foot each in two worlds — One in the modern world with industrial aspirations

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Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

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T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

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Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

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Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

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Heavy water marketed in EU, US science

Heavy water marketed in EU, US   Head of AEOI has said his organization has faced little difficulty in marketing heavy water produced during its nuclear activity, with EU and US being the major customers of Iran’s heavy water.

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Travel Vaccines for Central Asia Investment

Travel Vaccines for Central Asia   Central Asia consists of the countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan. This region is bounded by the Caspian Sea and China on either side, while Russia is its northern boundary. While it is fun

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Russia pushing North-South route to reality Investment

Russia pushing North-South route to reality   Russia says it has presented a plan to Iran which envisages establishing a unified transport company with India to operate along the emerging North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC) – an ambitious intercontinental multi-modal route

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Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites science

Russia may supply components for Iranian satellites   Components for Iranian satellites may be produced by Russia’s Roscosmos space corporation, said Russian Communications Minister Nikolai Nikiforov after meeting with Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Vaezi in Moscow. “Iran shows a great

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Russian researchers discover new type of waves science

Russian researchers discover new type of waves   A team of Russian researchers by using quantum approaches discovered new coherent regimes for electromagnetic pulses in superconducting metamaterials that can lead to potentially powerful quantum computing. A team of

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Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building science

Iran in talks with ‘Roscosmos’ for satellite building   ICT Minister Vaezi said Iran is currently negotiating with Russia’s State Corporation for Space Activities ‘Roscosmos’ to reach the right deal for construction and launch of a national remote-sensing satellite. Mahmoud Vaezi,

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Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

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First Neanderthal settlement uncovered in Nowshahr History

First Neanderthal settlement uncovered in Nowshahr A newly excavated site in Bandpey, southeast of Caspian Sea in Mazandaran provides major evidence for a Neanderthal settlement in the region. Hamed Vahdatinasab, local head of an archaeological expedition in

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

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