IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues Legal Issues

CASPIAN SEA ISSUES Questions surrounding the legal status of the Caspian Sea have hindered--but not stopped--further development of the Sea's mineral resources. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the independence of three new countries

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KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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The 28 Best Trips of 2016 Tourism

Each year, we send our editors and writers on a mission to find the destinations on the vanguard of the travel. The major takeaway from our 28 favorites of 2016? The entire world is getting more adventurous.

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Turkmenistan starts welding TAPI pipeline’s linear part Energy

Trend: Turkmennebitgazgurlushyk (“Turkmenneftegazstroy”) state concern has begun welding the pipes of the linear part of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline’s Turkmen section. More than 100 units of special equipment are being used within current work, a message released by Turkmen Oil and Gas

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full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) History

full text of Treaty of Gulistan (1813) In the name of Almighty God With the intention to cease horror of the war and re-establish steady peace and well-wishing friendship neighborhood shared by Russia Empire and the State of Iran since the

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Ramsar Tourism

Ramsar Ramsar is a city in and the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 33,018, in 9,421 families. Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea. It was also

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Masuleh Tourism

Masuleh Masuleh is a city in and the capital of Sardar-e Jangal District, in Fuman County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 554 individuals from 180 families. Historical names for the city include Māsalar

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Azerbaijan, Iran to build border railway bridge Investment

Trend: Azerbaijan, Iran and Russia attach great importance to the transport corridors passing through these countries, and in particular the railway networks, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said. He made the remarks at a press conference following the trilateral meeting of the

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

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Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Energy

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Following the success of the Blue Stream project, ''cooperation between Gazprom and ENI will be increased further'', Russian energy minister Aleksander Novak told ANSA in an exclusive interview. ''A series of documents

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Long-awaited subway stations open Investment

Long-awaited subway stations open Baku citizens and the guests of the Pearl of the Caspian Sea will have an access to two more subway stations in the capital, which is expected to ease the daily travelling plans. Those, who wish to

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Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo Political and military events

Karabakh conflict discussed in Tokyo The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as further developments of cooperation between Azerbaijan and Japan was high on the agenda of the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Friendship League. Addressing the event, Gursel Ismayilzade, Azerbaijan’s Ambassador

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Hydrology

Tehran, Moscow to run water exploration program Deputy energy minister has said exploration of deep waters in Iran will be carried out in partnership with Russia. Iranian Deputy Minister of Energy Sattar Mahmoudi made the remarks noting “on the basis of studies

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NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

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Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off Energy

Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off The 21st International Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Exhibition started work here Thursday for four days. Near 2,000 companies from Iran and 38 world countries have attended Iran Oil Show this year.

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No Way Out Ecosystem

No Way Out The fate of the Caspian seal may have been decided five million years ago. The smallest earless seal on Earth, Pusa caspica, is the only mammal in the Caspian Sea. It is atop the aquatic food chain in this

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Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Investment

INOTEX 2016 presents IT and ICT achievements Iran, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Greece introduced their achievements in a meeting on IT and ICT technology exchange held on the sidelines of 2016 INOTEX Exhibition.   Speaking on the sidelines of

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The fascinating land of Dagestan History

The fascinating land of Dagestan   The Republic of Dagestan set on the Caspian Sea between the staggering Greater Caucasus mountains is a wonderland of ethnic and cultural diversity. Dagestan surrounded by the Caucasus mountains on one

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

read more

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties cultural

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties   The Republic of Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to Iran Bunyad Huseynov met Iran’s Minister of Culture Ali Jannati to discuss bilateral issues of concern. There are several cultural points that the two countries share, such as the poems

read more

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

read more

Iran to treble gas exports to Armenia Energy

TEHRAN, Jul. 02 (MNA) – NIGEC managing director has reported on the reached agreement with Armenia to bring about a threefold increase in Iran’s gas exports to the Caucasus region country. Following an earlier power deal between

read more

Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

read more

IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura, which is of great importance

read more

IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA holds next environmental campaign   IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura,

read more

Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions Investment

Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions   The 8th Iran Stone Exhibition (IRSE 2016) on natural stones, mine, machinery and equipment and the 14th Kitchen, Bath, Sauna and Pool Industries and Equipment International Exhibition of Iran kicked off at Tehran’s

read more

Water level rises in Kura Hydrology

Water level rises in Kura   Increase of water level has been observed in Kura River in the past few days. The level of water in Giragkesemen settlement of Kura River increased by 12 cm on August 8. The water consumption holds 113m3/sec in

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

read more

Trade between Russia & Iran surges 71 percent Investment

 Trade between Russia & Iran surges 71 percent   With the lifting of sanctions, trade turnover between Moscow and Tehran has grown 70.9 percent in year-on-year terms, according to Russia's ambassador to Iran, Levan Dzhagaryan. Since international sanctions against Iran

read more

Major rise seen in Russia’s trade with Iran Investment

Major rise seen in Russia’s trade with Iran Russia says its trade with Iran has increased by 70.9 percent after the sanctions against the Islamic Republic were removed earlier this year. Russia’s Ambassador to Tehran Levan Dzhagaryan was quoted

read more

Mastercards now available in Iran Investment

Mastercards now available in Iran   Iran’s ICT Minister Mahmoud Vaezi has announced that MasterCard’s international credit cards are now available inside the country. Speaking during a ceremony to inaugurate infrastructure projects of Iran Post, Iranian Minister of

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages Energy

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages   Azerbaijan’s state energy company SOCAR announced about plans to increase capacity of its underground gas storages. The decision was taken during a panel meeting of SOCAR’s Azneft Production Union dedicated to the results of works

read more

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran Energy

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran   Cuba is looking to Russia and Iran to make up for dwindling oil supplies from close ally Venezuela. The island is keen to replenish oil supplies as it works to revive foreign tourism

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

Inland water bodies now see coastal birds Ecosystem

Inland water bodies now see coastal birds   The Whimbrel, which usually migrates to the coast, was spotted at Saykheda in Yavatmal recently; experts believe such spots are used as stopover sites November and December see many winter migratory birds

read more

Turkmenistan offers discounts to foreign airlines Investment

IIKSS - In a move to improve the appeal of Turkmenistan’s airports for international airlines, the country’s authorities are offering discounts off airport charges for foreign carriers, according to TurkmenPortal newswire. The discount rate will depend on the

read more

Turkmenistan builds hugel complex Energy

IIKSS - Ninety percent of the work has been completed at the polyethylene and polypropylene production complex, which is being built in Turkmenistan’s Balkan region, the Neutral Turkmen newspaper reported. A reservoir park for water, hydrocarbon storage tanks,

read more

Azerbaijan Delegation Attends Joint Business Forum Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan’s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev entered Ardebil Province in northwest Iran on Wednesday to take part in a business forum. Heading a 50-member economic delegation, the minister discussed ways of expanding transactions with Iran, particularly in

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan railway construction launched Investment

IIKSS- Iran has started laying rail tracks on the rail section Astara (Azerbaijan) - Astara (Iran), which is constructed in the framework of the North-South international transport corridor. Governor of Iran’s Astara Port Yunes Ranjkesh said that operations

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

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IIKSS Search

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Iran-Azerbaijan railway construction launched Investment

IIKSS- Iran has started laying rail tracks on the rail section Astara (Azerbaijan) - Astara (Iran), which is constructed in the framework of the North-South international transport corridor. Governor of Iran’s Astara Port Yunes Ranjkesh said that operations

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Iran means business Investment

IIKSS- A team at International Research Networks (IRN) organised an excellent Iran Business Symposium on Feb. 21+23, 2017, at the Renaissance Hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by Switzerland, Germany, Turkey, Italy, and many other EU countries and

read more

Azerbaijan Delegation Attends Joint Business Forum Investment

IIKSS- Azerbaijan’s Minister of Economy Shahin Mustafayev entered Ardebil Province in northwest Iran on Wednesday to take part in a business forum. Heading a 50-member economic delegation, the minister discussed ways of expanding transactions with Iran, particularly in

read more

Turkmenistan builds hugel complex Energy

IIKSS - Ninety percent of the work has been completed at the polyethylene and polypropylene production complex, which is being built in Turkmenistan’s Balkan region, the Neutral Turkmen newspaper reported. A reservoir park for water, hydrocarbon storage tanks,

read more

Turkmenistan offers discounts to foreign airlines Investment

IIKSS - In a move to improve the appeal of Turkmenistan’s airports for international airlines, the country’s authorities are offering discounts off airport charges for foreign carriers, according to TurkmenPortal newswire. The discount rate will depend on the

read more

Inland water bodies now see coastal birds Ecosystem

Inland water bodies now see coastal birds   The Whimbrel, which usually migrates to the coast, was spotted at Saykheda in Yavatmal recently; experts believe such spots are used as stopover sites November and December see many winter migratory birds

read more

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments science

Shell launches robot for hazardous environments   Sensabot, the first resident mobile robot certified to work in difficult and hostile industrial facilities, has been launched by Shell   Shell will send semiautonomous Rover vehicles to a desert island in Kazakhstan’s Kashagan development, which

read more

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran Energy

Cuba to seek oil imports from Russia, Iran   Cuba is looking to Russia and Iran to make up for dwindling oil supplies from close ally Venezuela. The island is keen to replenish oil supplies as it works to revive foreign tourism

read more

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages Energy

SOCAR to up capacity of gas storages   Azerbaijan’s state energy company SOCAR announced about plans to increase capacity of its underground gas storages. The decision was taken during a panel meeting of SOCAR’s Azneft Production Union dedicated to the results of works

read more

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

read more

Mastercards now available in Iran Investment

Mastercards now available in Iran   Iran’s ICT Minister Mahmoud Vaezi has announced that MasterCard’s international credit cards are now available inside the country. Speaking during a ceremony to inaugurate infrastructure projects of Iran Post, Iranian Minister of

read more

Major rise seen in Russia’s trade with Iran Investment

Major rise seen in Russia’s trade with Iran Russia says its trade with Iran has increased by 70.9 percent after the sanctions against the Islamic Republic were removed earlier this year. Russia’s Ambassador to Tehran Levan Dzhagaryan was quoted

read more

Trade between Russia & Iran surges 71 percent Investment

 Trade between Russia & Iran surges 71 percent   With the lifting of sanctions, trade turnover between Moscow and Tehran has grown 70.9 percent in year-on-year terms, according to Russia's ambassador to Iran, Levan Dzhagaryan. Since international sanctions against Iran

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

read more

Water level rises in Kura Hydrology

Water level rises in Kura   Increase of water level has been observed in Kura River in the past few days. The level of water in Giragkesemen settlement of Kura River increased by 12 cm on August 8. The water consumption holds 113m3/sec in

read more

Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions Investment

Tehran hosting 2 international exhibitions   The 8th Iran Stone Exhibition (IRSE 2016) on natural stones, mine, machinery and equipment and the 14th Kitchen, Bath, Sauna and Pool Industries and Equipment International Exhibition of Iran kicked off at Tehran’s

read more

T-90 + pic Political and military events

T-90   The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed

read more

Sukhoi Su-30 Political and military events

Sukhoi Su-30   The Sukhoi Su-30 (Cyrillic: Сухой Су-30; NATO reporting name: Flanker-C) is a twin-engine, two-seat supermaneuverable fighter aircraft developed by Russia's Sukhoi Aviation Corporation. It is a multirole fighter for all-weather, air-to-air and air-to-surface deep interdiction missions. The

read more

IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA holds next environmental campaign   IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura,

read more

IDEA holds next environmental campaign Environment

IDEA Public Union, which is aimed at promoting public awareness of environmental issues, organized another beneficial campaign in the country. This time the public union focused on cleaning the largest river in Transcaucasia -- the Kura, which is of great importance

read more

Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

read more

Iran to treble gas exports to Armenia Energy

TEHRAN, Jul. 02 (MNA) – NIGEC managing director has reported on the reached agreement with Armenia to bring about a threefold increase in Iran’s gas exports to the Caucasus region country. Following an earlier power deal between

read more

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

read more

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties cultural

Iran, Azerbaijan discuss cultural ties   The Republic of Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to Iran Bunyad Huseynov met Iran’s Minister of Culture Ali Jannati to discuss bilateral issues of concern. There are several cultural points that the two countries share, such as the poems

read more

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

read more

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

read more