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Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Turkmenistan connects oil output growth with Caspian Sea Energy

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Feb. 19 By Huseyn Hasanov– Trend: Turkmenneft State Concern starts implementation of plans on the development of the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea, Turkmen Oil and Gas Ministry said. Turkmenistan’s sea resources are estimated at 12 billion tons of oil

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UK supporting implementation of Southern Gas Corridor Energy

By Rufiz Hafizoglu – Trend: The UK fully supports the implementation of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project, the country’s ambassador to Turkey Richard Moore said, Turkish TGRT TV channel reported March 1. The diplomat noted that the SGC project will ensure

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Walking the line Energy

Plans for a new Euro-Caspian pipeline will solidify the west's dependence on fossil fuels and authoritarian regimes. This new documentary shows why we should stop and think. “Of course we need a different energy model,” Alberto Santoro states emphatically. “It is

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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Azerbaijan’s SOCAR reviving Iran deals Energy

Azerbaijan’s state oil firm SOCAR says it is looking to revive trade with Iran as the two neighbors are strengthening relations after the lifting of sanctions on the Islamic Republic.  Azeri President Ilham Aliyev arrived in Tehran on Tuesday to

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KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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THE HISTORY OF THE CASPIAN SEA History

The Caspian Sea is situated on the border of Europe and Asia. It is bordered with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran. The Caspian is the largest inland body of water in the world. Since the ancient

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Baku to host Caspian – Black Sea Agrarian Congress Agriculture

Baku, AZERTAC One of the most significant events of the agricultural sector, Caspian and Black Sea Agrarian Congress will take place in Baku, on April 12-13. The all-Ukrainian public organization Ukrainian Grain Association and the information-analytical agency APK-Inform are the Congress organizers. Organizational

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TransCaspian 2016 scheduled for May Investment

TransCaspian 2016, the 15th Anniversary International Transport, Transit and Logistics Exhibition, will take place from 11 - 13 May at Baku Expo Centre. This year, the exhibition is marking its 15th anniversary. Over the years, the exhibition has established itself as

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The Beginner's Guide to Caviar Fishing

The Beginner's Guide to Caviar How to serve, pair, and savor the finest sturgeon roe. There's no quicker way to announce that a meal special. More than lobster or champagne (or even a giant bucket of fried chicken), a dollop of

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Terms of bond issuance for Southern Gas Corridor defined Energy

By Anvar Mammadov – Trend: Azerbaijan's Southern Gas Corridor Company has released initial price thoughts for a ten-year bond at seven percent yield area, Global Capital agency reported. Depending on market conditions, the SGC's bond offering under the state guarantee is forecasted

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Persian Panic Political and military events

Construction of a navigable channel linking the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf is underway. It is expected the project will be completed in the 2020s. The project is particularly interesting for Russia due to the cold spell with Turkey, but European and post-Soviet states

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Turkmenistan eyes developing fuel and energy complex Energy

Energy-rich Turkmenistan will continue to realize programs and projects envisaging further development, modernization and diversification of the national fuel and energy complex. Such an instruction was given by President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov at the recent meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, the

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Lukoil expands operations in Caspian Sea Energy

Lukoil plans to increase oil production in the Caspian Sea by 7 million tons a year after commissioning the Vladimir Filansky field. Lukoil has already approved all its plans for the Caspian Sea. With the introduction of the full capacity in

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Oil in the Caspian Region Energy

The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began

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CASPIANS History

CASPIANS or CASPIANS tribes name of an ancient people dwelling along the southwestern shore of the Caspian Sea, whether north or south of the river Kura is not clear. CASPIANS (Gk. Káspioi), name of an ancient people dwelling along the southwestern shore

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CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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SOCAR: SGC project shareholders plan to raise extra $2B Energy

Trend: Shareholders of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project plan to raise additional $2 billion from international finance institutions to fund the project, Rovnag Abdullayev, president of Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR, told reporters April 2. Abdullayev said the funds are planned

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Lahijan Tourism

Lahijan Lahijan is a Caspian sea resort in and the capital of Lahijan County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 71,871, in 21,518 families. The resort Lahijan has both traditional and modern architecture. The

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Caspian European Club reorganizes activity Investment

Trend: According to the decision of the CEIBC's senior management, the Caspian European Club (Caspian Business Club) will shift to a closed format of activities from April 11, 1st Vice-Chairman and CEO of the Caspian European Club (Caspian Business Club) Telman

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Fishing for vital company knowledge Fishing

Fishing for vital company knowledge   Large building projects are delayed by all sorts of issues — money, employees who lack the right skills, public sentiment. But sometimes it is fish spawn, or great-crested newts. The deliverer of such bad news might

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Ukraine formally joins Trans-Caspian Int’l Transport Route Investment

Ukraine formally joins Trans-Caspian Int’l Transport Route Ukrainian Railways Company Ukrzaliznytsia is drafting a proposal for joining the project of transporting containers via Trans-Caspian International Transport Route connecting Europe with China via Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. The company has been holding respective

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Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

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Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas; Expo scheduled for June Energy

Int'l Caspian Oil&Gas Expo scheduled for June Caspian Oil&Gas 2016, the 23rd international exhibition and conference, the largest energy sector event in the Caspian region, will take place from 1-4 June 2016 at Baku Expo Center. As a recognised international platform

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SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Energy

SGC to save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia Trend: The Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project will save Turkey from gas dependence on Russia, said Stephen Blank, senior fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council. He made the remarks addressing an event

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Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Investment

Azerbaijan invites U.S. companies to Baku-based FTZ Azerbaijan has invited the U.S. Agency for International Development and other organizations to participate in the establishment of a free trade zone in the Alat settlement of Baku. Azerbaijan's Economy and Industry Minister Shahin

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BP, its partners invest in Azerbaijan Energy

BP, its partners invest almost $60B in Azerbaijan Trend: The British BP company together with its partners on development of the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli and Shah Deniz oil and gas fields invested in Azerbaijan over $58 billion over the period of more than 20-year

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Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Energy

Gazprom and ENI to step up cooperation Following the success of the Blue Stream project, ''cooperation between Gazprom and ENI will be increased further'', Russian energy minister Aleksander Novak told ANSA in an exclusive interview. ''A series of documents

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ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas Energy

ECO-Caspian energy transition through gas The oil price slide since mid-2014 has severely constrained economic growth and investment in the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) & Caspian region. Despite this, regional governments nevertheless expect an improved market climate &

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Master of its domains Investment

Master of its domains Much is made about the importance of oil to the Russian economy, but Russia is a global energy powerhouse that’s much more than a petro-state By Scott L Montgomery Russia is not what you think. Most

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The International Stage – Connected Energy Energy

<header class="article-header entry-header"> The International Stage – Connected Energy </header>   Greece—and DEPA—are at the heart of major initiatives to increase energy security in Greece and hence the European Union. At the same time, Greece is securing its role

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U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan Investment

U.S. calls for strong economic ties with Azerbaijan The U.S. State Department has voiced the necessity to strengthen the economic ties between Baku and Washington. "We discussed the issues related to trade, finances, agriculture, combating corruption," Kurt Tong, the Principal Deputy

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Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Energy

Turkmenistan-EU joint project on energy efficiency Turkmenistan and the European Union have launched a joint project on the implementation of strategies for sustainable development in Turkmenistan to help the country in the rational use of natural resources and energy, newspaper

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First TAP pipes arrive in Albania Energy

First TAP pipes arrive in Albania The Trans Adriatic Pipeline AG (TAP) announced the arrival of the first steel line pipes and machinery for the construction of the Albanian section of the pipeline. The occasion was marked by a ceremony in

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Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians Tourism

Azerbaijan, appropriate tourism destination for Russians A tense situation between some countries hamper tourism sector in many tourist attractive counties. Director of Summer Tour travel company Aykhan Allazli claims that Azerbaijan can become a new destination for Russian tourists. He said that

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Craze for LNG Energy

Craze for LNG Pricing policy of only one man, John D. Rockefeller, led to a decrease in the cost of kerosene in the US oil products' market of the late 19th century from 26 cents to eight cents per gallon

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Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Energy

Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Azerbaijan, a key energy player in Eurasia, today is completely successful country both in terms of production and in terms of transportation of energy resources, and the country is committed to make great strides to boost

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Empty Gazpromises Energy

Empty Gazpromises Much of the debate concerning the Nord Stream II pipeline centres on whether the project should be seen as a commercial undertaking, or as an effort to lock in Gazprom’s dominance in Europe and deal a blow to Ukraine. The

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US, EU support Southern Gas Corridor Energy

US, EU support Southern Gas Corridor   US-EU Energy Council reiterated its strong support for the opening of the Southern Gas Corridor, including the construction of the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), said in a statement of the US-EU Energy Council. Council underscored the

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NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU Investment

NDFI, KEXIM ink MoU National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea, also commonly known as the Korea Eximbank (KEXIM) have signed a memorandum of cooperation. During the visit of South Korean president

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Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off Energy

Iran Oil Show 2016 kicks off The 21st International Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Exhibition started work here Thursday for four days. Near 2,000 companies from Iran and 38 world countries have attended Iran Oil Show this year.

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Tatarstan interested in trade with Iran Investment

Tatarstan interested in trade with Iran A Chamber of Commerce official of Tatarstan, a republic of Russian Federation has voiced the republic’s interest in trade with Iran. This official is the first deputy-head of the Chamber of

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The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience Fishing

The Ultimate Caviar Tasting Experience In 1991, co-founders Hossein Aimani & Amy Arrow-Aimani set out to bring the best caviar from around the world to the United States. Over the course of the last 25 years, Paramount Caviar has been guided

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Southern Gas Corridor to attract about 7B dollar Energy

Southern Gas Corridor to attract about $7B The Southern Gas Corridor project, designed to supply Caspian gas to Europe, intends to attract investments worth $7 billion. The remark was made by Rovnag Abdullayev, President of Azerbaijan's state-owned energy company SOCAR on

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EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier Energy

EU eyes Turkmenistan as potential gas supplier European countries view hydrocarbon-rich Turkmenistan as one of the main suppliers of natural gas. The remark was made by Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat Ivo Petrov during the meeting with Turkmen President

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Intl. rail expo, conference kick off Investment

Intl. rail expo, conference kick off   The 4th International Exhibition of Rail Transportation, Related Industries and Equipment of Iran, dubbed RAILEXPO 2016, and the first international conference titled “Rail-Ports and Rail-Oil” opened in Tehran on Sunday. Representatives

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Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Tourism

Next Big Travel Destination: Iran? Global hotel companies are establishing new beachheads in Iran, betting that lifted sanctions against the Middle East nation will spark a jump in tourism and business travel after decades of economic isolation. Spanish operator Melia

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Iran has the largest world oil tankers company Energy

Iran has the largest world oil tankers company   Managing Director of National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) Ali Akbar Safaei said on Monday that Iran has the largest world oil tanker company with a capacity of more than 15.5 million tons.

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Baku to the future Political and military events

Baku to the future   NEXT month around two dozen Formula One racecars will speed through the gleaming centre of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. They will zoom along the shore of the oil-rich Caspian Sea, past five-star hotels and

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Baku to Allow Turkmen Gas into Tanap Energy

Baku to Allow Turkmen Gas into Tanap   Azerbaijan’s energy minister Natig Aliev says Baku and Ashgabat are negotiating a deal to enable Turkmenistan to supply gas to the European Union through the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC). “There are two pragmatic ways; first

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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EBRD Mulls SGC Loan Energy

EBRD Mulls SGC Loan EBRD Mulls SGC Loan The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is ready to support the southern gas corridor (SGC) project, its president Suma Chakrabarti told reporters in Baku May 25. Chakrabarti said the EBRD has firmly committed

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Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU Fishing

Emirates Aquatech eyes caviar exports to EU   Abu Dhabi-based Emirates Aquatech is targeting caviar production of 35 tonnes per year as it awaits clearance from the European Union to export the prized product to Europe and increase its market share. “The

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The fascinating land of Dagestan History

The fascinating land of Dagestan   The Republic of Dagestan set on the Caspian Sea between the staggering Greater Caucasus mountains is a wonderland of ethnic and cultural diversity. Dagestan surrounded by the Caucasus mountains on one

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Iran ready to join European power grid Energy

Iran ready to join European power grid   Iran’s Energy Minister Hamid Chitchian has announced the country’s readiness to join the electricity grid of Europe. Speaking at a meeting with Energy Charter Secretary General Urban Rusnák in Tehran,

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan Energy

Caspian Overview: China Eyes Growth in Azerbaijan   China has held negotiations with Azerbaijan’s state oil company (Socar) over a $17bn downstream project twice in the last two months, this time leading to a memorandum of understanding. China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has

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Armenians in Dhaka History

Armenians in Dhaka   Turkey seems to have a burlesque history of genocide denial. On June 2, the German Parliament voted to recognise the 1,915 killings

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Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul Energy

Georgia Plans for Energy Overhaul   Georgia is looking to win formal approval to join Europe's Energy community this October, making the country a more competitive location and partner for energy projects, the Georgian government said June 9. In a wide-ranging presentation, which

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Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects Investment

Azerbaijan realizes profitable railway projects   Azerbaijan and Iran are considering three options for financing construction of the Rasht-Astara (Iran) railway section, Head of Azerbaijan Railways CJSC Javid Gurbanov said while talking to ANS TV channel. Being a part of the North-South

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Port Of Call Investment

Port Of Call The Chabahar port in Iran will help India get direct access to Central Asian markets. For India Inc, it is a huge business opportunity. On September 1, 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on his maiden visit

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Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Energy

Caspian Overview: Azerbaijan Talks with Gazprom Azerbaijan’s energy monpoly Socar produced 5.4% less gas in the first five months of the year than in the same period of 2015. Output stood at 2.65bn m3, according to Socar’s latest figures, of

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Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties Investment

Tehran, Kiev after closer trade ties   Deputy industry minister, at a meeting with Ukraine’s ambassador to Iran, called for expansion of trade exchanges between Tehran and Kiev. Valiollah Afkhamirad, who heads Iran's Trade Promotion Organization (TPO), voiced

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Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op Investment

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op   Turkmenistan and China have confirmed their readiness to further enhance economic partnership in view of its enormous potential, national interests and a common vision for the future of the Asian region, the Turkmen government reported

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Barter Enables Iran-Turkmenistan Gas Trade Energy

Iran will import gas worth $30bn from Turkmenistan over the next ten years in exchange for engineering goods and services of the same value. Oil ministry representative Mohammad Taqi Amanpour said June 27 that the two countries had finalized $2.5bn of

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Daimler vows to take China off Iran roads Investment

Daimler says its trucks division will start the deliveries of Mitsubishi Fuso brand in Iran later this year.  The German carmaker and Iran’s Mammut Group signed a distribution agreement for Fuso trucks, especially in the light-duty segment, back in January as

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Iran recommences petchem exports to Britain Energy

Iran resumed petrochemical exports to Britain sending a consignment to the country for the first time after lifting of the international sanctions, Mehr news agency reported on Sunday. According to the report, before international sanctions imposed on Iran, European countries

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China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

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Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved Energy

Caspian Overview: Major Upstream Investment Approved   Kazakhstan and the Chevron-led consortium Tengiz Chevroil (TCO) approved on July 5 a $36.8bn plan to expand the giant Tengiz field, which has 45% of the country’s total production now. The sides plan to increase

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch Energy

Caspian Energy Grid – London Launch   The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water by area and the resources to be found around in and under the Caspian Sea have been disputed for millennia. The issues

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Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia science

Dry Cargo Vessel Launched in Russia   The Zhibek Zholy, a dry cargo vessel with a capacity of 7,500 dead weight tonnage (DWT), was launched July 12 in Shlisselburg, Russia, reported the Kazakhstan Temir Zholy

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Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation Energy

Azerbaijan, Romania to boost co-op in gas transportation   Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR and Romania’s state-owned company Transgaz agreed to step up cooperation in the natural gas transportation, SOCAR said in a message July 19. The two sides signed a memorandum

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Time travelling to the mother tongue History

Time travelling to the mother tongue The sounds of languages that died thousands of years ago have been brought to life again through technology that uses statistics in a revolutionary new way. No matter whether you speak English or Urdu, Waloon or

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Europe works on Turkmen gas import Energy

Europe works on Turkmen gas import   The European Commission is following and implementing the Ashgabat declaration from 2015 on energy cooperation with Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Turkey, a source in the European Commission told Trend. Within the implementation of this declaration the

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Caspian Overview: BP's Caspian Gas Energy

Caspian Overview: BP's Caspian Gas   Azerbaijan produced about 9.363bn m³ of commercial gas in the first half of this year, down 8.8% year-on-year, of which BP-operated fields counted 71.6%, a top energy official told NGE. BP is the operator of the Caspian Sea’s

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EBRD Considers TAP Funding Energy

EBRD Considers TAP Funding   The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has confirmed that it started talks to provide direct financing of €500mn and attract €1bn from banks for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), which will bring Azeri gas from

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Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream Energy

Gazprom Eyes Iranian LNG, Turkish Stream   Gazprom, Russia's state controlled gas giant, is interested in developing gas projects in Iran According to Russian business daily Vedomosti, Russia's energy minister Alexander Novak said that the

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Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op Political and military events

Turkmenistan, France strengthening co-op   Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Rashid Meredov met with France’s extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Patrick Pascal, said the message from Turkmenistan’s Foreign Ministry. Pascal is completing his diplomatic mission in Turkmenistan. During the meeting, the parties expressed intention to further

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Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes Investment

Kazakhstan-Ukraine Trade Crashes   143 train cars, blocked at the Ukraine-Russia border, explain why. In the first eight months of 2016, 143 train cars laden with goods destined primarily for Kazakhstan, but also Kyrgyzstan, were stopped at the Russian-Ukrainian

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Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

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Lukoil Provides Update on North Caspian Fields Energy

Lukoil Provides Update on North Caspian Fields   Russia’s Lukoil is on schedule to begin phase one production at its Filanovsky oil field this autumn and expects to begin phase two production in late  2017. It is also keeping an eye open to

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August 12 marks Day of Caspian Sea cultural

August 12 marks Day of Caspian Sea   August 12 marks the Day of the Caspian Sea, the largest land-locked body of water on earth. The Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea, also known as

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CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states Investment

CECO would benefit all Caspian littoral states   Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has taken key steps toward the establishment of Caspian Economic Cooperation Organization. Iran has been experiencing tense relations with some of her southern neighbors, especially with

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Russian university develops unique implants science

Russian university develops unique implants   National University of Science and Technology MISIS has developed a new method to produce ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene implants intended to replace bone tissue defects in humans and animals. The new implant

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TAP: plus 700 line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port Energy

TAP: 700+ line pipes reach Alexandroupoli port   700+ line pipes to be used for the construction of TAP`s section in Greece have reached the port of Alexandroupoli, Azertac reported, The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) will transport Caspian natural gas to Europe. Connecting

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

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Socar Joins New Adriatic Pipe Project Energy

Socar Joins New Adriatic Pipe Project   Four western Balkans nations signed a memorandum of understanding with Azerbaijan state Socar on co-operation on building the Ionian Adriatic pipeline (IAP) on the sidelines of a Dubrovnik forum 25-26 August. The

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Iran pursues rail link to Caucasus states Investment

Iran pursues rail link to Caucasus states   Deputy road minister has announced that Qazvin-Rasht railroad, upon completion, will connect Iran to Caucasus countries. Ali Nourzad, Iran's Deputy Minister of Roads and Urban Development, deemed Qazvin-Rasht railway as

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Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway to encourage development of TITR Investment

Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway to encourage development of TITR   "The anticipated construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway next year will undoubtedly give further impetus to the development of the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route (TITR)." The due statement came from the Vice President of Kazakhstan Railways

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Turkmenistan seeks to deliver its hydrocarbons to West Energy

Turkmenistan seeks to deliver its hydrocarbons to West   Turkmenistan, an energy-rich Central Asian nation with abundant hydrocarbon reserves, is keen to diversify the routes of its gas export. Being the sixth in the world for the volume of natural gas reserves, the

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Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

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