IIKSS Search

Legal Status of Caspian Sea Legal Issues

 Legal Status of Caspian Sea Introduction The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa. The length of the

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Khazaria: A Forgotten Empire History

With the break-up of the Soviet Union and the troubles prevalent in the Balkans there has been much renewed interest in the early history of Eastern Europe. Troubles have fuelled nationalist tendencies in the region and there has been much

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Once more on the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline Energy

Diplomatic attention has intensified on the project of the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) while both obstacles to and incentives for its realization increase. Turkmenistan's commitment to the project may be inferred from the finally completed construction of its East-West Pipeline

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KazMunaiGas crashes prepayment party to improve debt profile Energy

Read the rest of this TXF article here: http://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/5472/KazMunaiGas-crashes-prepayment-party-to-improve-debt-profile. For more high quality trade, export & agency, and commodity finance journalism and events, visit www.txfnews.com Kazakhstan’s state-owned KazMunaiGas (KMG), an umbrella company of several subsidiaries, is closing a $3

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Turkey looks to boost trade ties with Kazakhstan Investment

Turkish Economy Minister Mustafa Elitas has said the Middle Corridor, a proposed transportation network extending from the Caspian Sea through Turkey and Azerbaijan to Central Asia and China, will boost economic recovery in the region, Anadolu agency reported. Addressing the 9th

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Turkmen oil refineries' complex to up LPG output Energy

By Aynur Karimova The Turkmen Ministry of Oil and Gas and Natural Resources has revealed the Turkmenbashi Complex of Oil Refineries' liquefied gas production plans for 2016. The ministry reported on March 18 that the complex will produce 340,000 tons of LPG

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Russian interest in East Med and Cyprus gas Energy

In a week that saw Russia pulling some of its armed forces out of Syria and signs of increasing cooperation between Russia and the US in the region, it is important to examine Russian interest in energy, and particularly gas,

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Iran’s Rights in the Caspian Legal Issues

Hoshang Tale, Ph D (Economics), Consultant Economist & Researcher Before Peter the Great (1682- 1752) played his political games in the Caspian region, this Sea was under the sole control of Iran and was known as the Sea of Mazandaran after

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Turkmenistan makes discount to Turkey for cargo transportation Investment

Trend: Turkmenistan has made a 20-percent discount to Turkey for cargo transportation through the Caspian Sea, Istanbulhaber online newspaper quoted Fatih Sener, executive director of Turkish International Transporters’ Association, as saying March 28. Sener noted that Turkmenistan’s government made a decision on

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CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES History

CASPIAN SEA ii. DIPLOMATIC HISTORY IN MODERN TIMES A new area of sub-systemic studies in international relations, which encompasses the Caspian basin and its immediate surroundings, emerged in the post-Soviet Union era. CASPIAN SEA ii. Diplomatic History in Modern Times. A new

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Tethys Petroleum incurs huge losses in 2015 Energy

Trend: The losses of the Tethys Petroleum Limited in 2015 stood at $74.6 million as compared to $16.4 million in 2014, said the company in a message posted on its website March 31. Tethys Petroleum Limited is an oil and gas exploration

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China Gets Winning Formula For Silk Road Railway Investment

Summary China agreed to help Iran building a railway which will form part of China's High Speed Silk Road Railway. China has a winning SRR formula: dual-Usage bullet train technology and irresistible co-operation terms. When SRR completed, freight train from China can reach

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Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Energy

Turkmenistan advancing on South Asian gas market Trend: Despite skepticism of some experts regarding the progress of construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project, which dates back to 2010, the deal started rolling. The State Concern 'Turkmengaz',

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Iran, Kazakhstan ink power deal Energy

Iran, Kazakhstan ink power deal Iran and Kazakhstan have signed three powerhouse building contracts worth 600 million dollars. On the verge of Kazakh president’s visit to Tehran, the two countries sealed an agreement with Eurasia Invest Group

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Caspian tiger Ecosystem

  The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger, the Persian tiger and the Turan tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and formerly

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Gas fields development in Turkmen Karakum Desert kicks off Energy

Gas fields development in Turkmen Karakum Desert kicks off Trend: The Turkmen State Concern 'Turkmennebitgazgurlushyk' has started development of a group of gas and condensate fields 'Zeakli-Derveze' in the Central Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan since early 2016, the country's oil and

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Baku Higher Oil School to organize int’l conference Energy

Baku Higher Oil School to organize int’l conference On 25-28 April, 2016, BHOS and UK-based Confidence Capital company with the support of SOCAR will jointly organize international practical conference on 'Caspian Basin and Central Asia: Trade, Logistics, Oil Processing and

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Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Energy

Azerbaijan's nimble gas plans Azerbaijan, a key energy player in Eurasia, today is completely successful country both in terms of production and in terms of transportation of energy resources, and the country is committed to make great strides to boost

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Azerbaijan may discover additional gas condensate reserves Energy

Azerbaijan may discover additional gas condensate reserves   Azerbaijan has all opportunities for discovering additional gas condensate reserves at its fields in the Caspian Sea, said Natig Aliyev, Azerbaijani energy minister. The minister made the remarks Apr. 25 at the SOCAR International

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Kazakhstan plans to enter top 10 oil exporters Energy

Kazakhstan plans to enter top 10 oil exporters Kazakhstan plans to produce 77 million tons of oil in 2016, Deputy Director General of the Information Oil and Gas Center of Energy Ministry of Kazakhstan Askar Kenzhekhanov said. He made the remarks

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BP with partners invest $58B in Azerbaijan Energy

BP with partners invest $58B in Azerbaijan The British BP company and partners have invested $58 billion in Azerbaijan's projects over the period of its activity. The statement came from Bakhtiyar Aslanbayli, BP's regional vice president, said Apr. 25, Trend reports. He

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To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Tourism

To Walk This Wilderness, Carry a Shovel Caching water on the steppes of Kazakhstan is like an act of worship or a duty of penance. Paul Salopek is walking the global trail of the first humans who migrated out of

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Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Investment

Iran-Turkmenistan daily truck traffic to soar Road minister has voiced Tehran’s readiness to provide grounds for promotion of daily truck traffic between Iran and Turkmenistan. Speaking at a meeting in Tehran with Turkmenistan’s Foreign Minister Raşit Öwezgeldiýewiç Meredow,

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Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Investment

Azerbaijan and China: Greater integration Rapidly expanding trade and nascent investment promise stronger links between China, the world’s second largest economy, and Azerbaijan, an energy rich country on the Caspian basin. Economic ties between Azerbaijan and China play a large role

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ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan Investment

ARETI shows interest in further cooperation with Turkmenistan   ARETI International Group of companies is interested in joining projects implemented in different spheres of Turkmenistan’s economy. During his meeting with President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Chairman of the ARETI International Group of Companies Igor

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision The quantum leap for Indian diplomacy that was the Chabahar agreement, was seeded by NDA1 and nurtured by NDA2, while the two UPA administrations in between failed to make much progress The recent agreement between

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Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo Investment

Turkmenistan to host 3rd Iran-Project expo   Turkmenistan is to host the 3rd edition of Iran's exclusive exhibition of oil, gas and petrochemicals, water and electricity, construction industry as well as engineering and technical services, known as “Iran Project-2016”,

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In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision Investment

In Iran, Modi projects Vajpayee’s vision   The recent agreement between Iran, Afghanistan and India to build the Chabahar port on the Iranian coast and link it with the existing rail and road network and related industrial corridor into

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Port Of Call Investment

Port Of Call The Chabahar port in Iran will help India get direct access to Central Asian markets. For India Inc, it is a huge business opportunity. On September 1, 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on his maiden visit

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Azerbaijan – Oriental Express Hub? Energy

Azerbaijan – Oriental Express Hub?    With the first Mumbai-to-Moscow train scheduled to chug through Azerbaijan this August, railways seem set to become the new oil for the Caspian Sea nation.   Better known for a wealth of energy and

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India and SCO Political and military events

India and SCO India Has More Hoops to Jump for SCO Membership   “I convey our deep sense of gratitude to the members of the SCO for accepting India as a full member,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi told leaders of the Shanghai

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Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op Investment

Turkmenistan, China eye further co-op   Turkmenistan and China have confirmed their readiness to further enhance economic partnership in view of its enormous potential, national interests and a common vision for the future of the Asian region, the Turkmen government reported

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties   Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between

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Iran, Turkmenistan to launch banking ties Investment

Iranian Commercial Attaché to Ashgabat deemed direct banking relations and facilitated visa issuance as two means of boosting trade ties with the Central Asian country. Rahmatollah Khormali said “facilitating commuting between countries as well as banking relations

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China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Investment

China’s New Silk Road Has Beijing Looking West Beijing is becoming increasingly aware that although China has become an economic giant, it risks being connected with the world only through trade. To expand its international influence, China needs new political concepts

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Shell shutting down office in Azerbaijan Energy

Shell shutting down office in Azerbaijan   Shell Business Development Central Asia B.V., a subsidiary of the Royal Dutch Shell plc, announced the liquidation of its office in Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijani Taxes Ministry’s ‘Vergiler’ newspaper reported July 8. In a comment to

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railroad from Russia to Iran Investment

railroad from Russia to Iran   The ambitious North-South Transport Corridor can allow us easy access to a vast region, boosting trade and diplomacy   The commencement of operations on the International North-South Transport Corridor project — connecting Bandar Abbas

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Time travel in Mideast History

Time travel in Mideast   ‘Wars are won in peace’ In addition to grain, survival of the Romans also heavily depended upon the availability of spices. Fortunately or unfortunately, like the present day oil, the Middle East then had some ‘Arabian

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Travel Vaccines for Central Asia Investment

Travel Vaccines for Central Asia   Central Asia consists of the countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan. This region is bounded by the Caspian Sea and China on either side, while Russia is its northern boundary. While it is fun

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Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal Investment

Iran, Russia map out rival to Suez Canal   The International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC), a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe, is being nurtured for significantly reducing costs and travel time

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Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku Investment

Iran, Azerbaijan ink 6 MoUs in Baku The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan signed six memoranda of understanding in Baku on Sun. to further deepen ties between the two countries. In the ceremony

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Turkey and the Energy Transit Question Energy

 Turkey and the Energy Transit Question   For foreign and security policy analysts, pipelines tend to be the entry point into the world of energy. Pipelines create dependencies between countries, pipelines stay for decades, and pipelines have a highly symbolic political value. In

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Do Russian women bathe in the burkini? cultural

Do Russian women bathe in the burkini?   Wearing a Muslim swimsuit is not common among Russian followers of Islam: They prefer to bathe dressed in ordinary clothes, covering the entire body, or in bathing suits. However, in one part

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Turkmenistan seeks to deliver its hydrocarbons to West Energy

Turkmenistan seeks to deliver its hydrocarbons to West   Turkmenistan, an energy-rich Central Asian nation with abundant hydrocarbon reserves, is keen to diversify the routes of its gas export. Being the sixth in the world for the volume of natural gas reserves, the

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Is Putin the new Stalin? Political and military events

Is Putin the new Stalin? ‘Tom’ thinks Vladimir Putin is the new Josef Stalin. As he’s never been to Russia, his views surely reflect the power of a Western media narrative which continuously demonizes the Russian President. Last week, an optician from

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China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects Investment

China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects   China and Kazakhstan, the two strategic partners, are planning to implement some 51 joint projects in different spheres of Kazakhstan’s economy, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced about this following his working visit to

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NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract Energy

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract   Iran’s Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO) and France’s Total S.A. Company have agreed on sealing an oil swap deal. Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO), a Swiss-based subsidiary of the National

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Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

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The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

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Turkmenistan offers discounts to foreign airlines Investment

IIKSS - In a move to improve the appeal of Turkmenistan’s airports for international airlines, the country’s authorities are offering discounts off airport charges for foreign carriers, according to TurkmenPortal newswire. The discount rate will depend on the

read more

Railway to connect Iran to Central Asian states Investment

IIKSS - RAI deputy has reported on negotiations for launching railroad connection among Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Mir-Hassan Mousavi, Deputy of Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (RAI) made the remarks saying “the talks have kicked off in

read more

Work on TAPI pipeline begins in Pakistan Energy

IIKSS- After being in the works for the past 22 years, the multibillion-dollar Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project got under way on Friday. The pipeline will serve as an energy corridor between Central and South Asia. The inaugural

read more

Iranian, Kazakh provinces ink agricultural MoU Investment

IIKSS- Head of Gorgan Chamber of Commerce said a cooperation agreement has been inked in agriculture sector between Iran’s Golestan province and Kyzylorda Region of Kazakhstan. Ramezan Bahrami said the newly-signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) pertained to extra-territorial

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

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Caspian Sea-Black Sea Transport Investment

As a result of a recent meeting, a Turkmen-Romanian working group cooperating in the field of transport, have decided that in order to progress the signing of the political declaration on the creation of the Caspian Sea-Black Sea transport and transit

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Turkmenistan launches first CCGT power plant Energy

Turkmenistan has launched its first combined-cycle gas power plant, according to state news agency TDH. The 1.6 GW plant in Mary province has four 263.5 MW GE gas turbines, two 260 MW steam turbines and four heat-recovery boilers. The plant

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Russia, Kazakhstan may create SEZ at Baikonur Investment

The chairman of the board of the Kazakh national company, Kazakh Invest, Saparbek Tuyakbaev, held a meeting with Russian Ambassador to Kazakhstan Alexei Borodavkin and Russian trade representative in Kazakhstan Alexander Yakovlev in Astana, Central Asian media outlets reported

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Russia To Resume Gas Imports From Turkmenistan Energy

Russia's Gazprom next year will resume imports of natural gas from Turkmenistan that it stopped three years ago, the energy giant's chief executive has said. In an interview with Turkmenistan's state television channel during a visit to Ashgabat

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Russia To Resume Gas Imports From Turkmenistan Energy

Russia's Gazprom next year will resume imports of natural gas from Turkmenistan that it stopped three years ago, the energy giant's chief executive has said. In an interview with Turkmenistan's state television channel during a visit to Ashgabat

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Russia, Kazakhstan may create SEZ at Baikonur Investment

The chairman of the board of the Kazakh national company, Kazakh Invest, Saparbek Tuyakbaev, held a meeting with Russian Ambassador to Kazakhstan Alexei Borodavkin and Russian trade representative in Kazakhstan Alexander Yakovlev in Astana, Central Asian media outlets reported

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Turkmenistan launches first CCGT power plant Energy

Turkmenistan has launched its first combined-cycle gas power plant, according to state news agency TDH. The 1.6 GW plant in Mary province has four 263.5 MW GE gas turbines, two 260 MW steam turbines and four heat-recovery boilers. The plant

read more

Caspian Sea-Black Sea Transport Investment

As a result of a recent meeting, a Turkmen-Romanian working group cooperating in the field of transport, have decided that in order to progress the signing of the political declaration on the creation of the Caspian Sea-Black Sea transport and transit

read more

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms - (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) Political and military events

Nazarbaev's clenched fists: For Cossacks or economic reforms???!!!! (analysis of fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan's ability (government weight) index) International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS) - Kazakhstan's government weight indexes show that this country despite

read more

China’s strategy in the Caucasus Investment

IIKSS- When leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgia took part in a session titled “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, they were predictably eager to promote the importance of the China-led Silk Road

read more

Iranian, Kazakh provinces ink agricultural MoU Investment

IIKSS- Head of Gorgan Chamber of Commerce said a cooperation agreement has been inked in agriculture sector between Iran’s Golestan province and Kyzylorda Region of Kazakhstan. Ramezan Bahrami said the newly-signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) pertained to extra-territorial

read more

Work on TAPI pipeline begins in Pakistan Energy

IIKSS- After being in the works for the past 22 years, the multibillion-dollar Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project got under way on Friday. The pipeline will serve as an energy corridor between Central and South Asia. The inaugural

read more

Railway to connect Iran to Central Asian states Investment

IIKSS - RAI deputy has reported on negotiations for launching railroad connection among Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Mir-Hassan Mousavi, Deputy of Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (RAI) made the remarks saying “the talks have kicked off in

read more

Turkmenistan offers discounts to foreign airlines Investment

IIKSS - In a move to improve the appeal of Turkmenistan’s airports for international airlines, the country’s authorities are offering discounts off airport charges for foreign carriers, according to TurkmenPortal newswire. The discount rate will depend on the

read more

The participants of international forum, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, highly estimate creative character of neutral status of our country Political and military events

IIKSS - International theoretical and practical conference “The Neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Practice: New Achievements of Cooperation for Stable Development” was held in the conference hall of the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign

read more

Chabahar: Gateway to North- South Corridor Investment

IIKSS- India has carved a new geopolitical beginning in the Persian Gulf region putting Chabahar in the grand canvas of India’s geo-economic calculus in the emerging Asian architecture. She has kept her American partnership vibrant while opening a

read more

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract Energy

NICO, Total to sign oil swap contract   Iran’s Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO) and France’s Total S.A. Company have agreed on sealing an oil swap deal. Naftiran Intertrade Company Sàrl (NICO), a Swiss-based subsidiary of the National

read more

China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects Investment

China, Kazakhstan eye implementation of joint projects   China and Kazakhstan, the two strategic partners, are planning to implement some 51 joint projects in different spheres of Kazakhstan’s economy, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced about this following his working visit to

read more