The points of international law, Caspian Sea – the relationship between the shape and position of the coasts in the delimitation of the continental shelf Legal Issues
The points of international law, Caspian Sea – the relationship between the shape and position of the coasts in the delimitation of the continental shelf
International Institute of Khazar Studies (IIKSS) – The importance of the shape and position of the coasts of the coastal states is due to the fact that the delimitation of the maritime zones is cited as an effective factor. Especially when the continental shelf is not so large that the country can determine the width of its continental shelf by 200 nautical miles.
In the vast majority of the seas of the world, no country can determine 200 nautical miles as a continental shelf, because the width of the seas is generally less than 300 nautical miles.
The position and shape of the coasts have been considered in the majority of decisions of the International Court of Justice and decisions of arbitral institutions. In these decisions, the coasts of countries are divided into the relevant coasts and unrelevant coasts. Generally, adjacent coasts and coasts, which are located in the opposite of the disputed areas, are considered as relevant coasts and coasts of the Firth and Gulf, as well as coasts, which are located back to the disputed area and or overlapping coasts are considered as irrelevant coasts.
Based on the position of the coasts, the shape and position of the coasts will lead to changes in the coastline of disputed countries.
Considering such situations in decisions of the International Court of Justice about the issue of the Black Sea between Ukraine and Romania caused the length of the coast of Ukraine, which is geographically near 1070 kilometers, to be reduced to 720 kilometers.
Author - Maysam Araee Daronkola - member of the faculty of the University Payame Noor and the director of the International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS), PhD of public international law
Translator: Mohsen Hamidi - expert on Central Asia and Caucasus, translator of Russian language and member of the Scientific Council of the International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS)