The wandering eagle of Kyzylkum (demographic and ethnic fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan) Political and military events

The wandering eagle of Kyzylkum (demographic and ethnic fluctuations in the Republic of Kazakhstan)

International Institute of Khazar Studies (IIKSS) – Unlike other republics, separated from the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan after the population decline due to the migration of Russians, had less demographic decline. Since the beginning of the economic boom in oil industry in 2001, this country has witnessed population growth.

It should be noted that strong signs of race and religion led to a rapid rate of population growth in Kazakhstan and to an insufficient attention to economic problems, so that Kazakhstan has become one of the Central Asian countries with the highest rate of population growth.

Of course, the largest population growth in this republic belongs to the Cossacks, who are in close competition with Russians to seize political and economic structures. Meanwhile, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russians have faced a decline in the population. It is necessary to explain that more than 70% of the population of the Republic of Kazakhstan are also Muslim Cossacks, who can be considered the backbone of this republic.

Kazakhstan can be considered a young country with big dreams. More than 70% of the population of this republic are young and middle-aged with an average age of 25 to 65 years, but it should be noted that although the rate of population growth in Kazakhstan is appropriate, but, nevertheless, this country, in ratio with its vast territory, suffers from a chronic deficit of the population and if this country doesn't want to face political fluctuations in the forthcoming decades, then Kazakhstan should focus on its population and economic activity of the population. This country has faced serious problems with provision of state revenues in 2015-2016 and this has led to a significant devaluation of the currency of this country.

Kazakhstan because of its ethnic nature, isn't accepting migrants and acceptance of immigrants is incompatible with necessary framework for ensuring security and stability in this country. In recent years, this republic has an organic connection with a country like Turkey. From this point of view, it can be said that Cossacks are in search of their Turkish identity.

In 2009, almost 60% of the population of this country were Cossacks, 25% - Russians and the rest - Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Uighurs, Tatars and Germans. In 2016, the Cossacks faced a 5 percent increase in population and Russians – 4 percent decrease in the population. As a result, it can be said that Kazakhstan's ethnic weight increases in favor of the Cossacks.

Author (regression analysis and preparation): Maysam Araee Daronkola - Member of the faculty of the University Payame Noor and the director of the International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS), PhD of public international law
Collection of digital data: Qasim Azizi - expert and member of the Scientific Council of the International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS)
Translator: Mohsen Hamidi - expert on Central Asia and Caucasus, translator of Russian language and member of the Scientific Council of the International Institute of Khazar Sea Studies (IIKSS)

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